IUPAC names
Other names
540-61-4 YesY
3D model (Jmol) Interactive image
ChemSpider 10439 YesY
ECHA InfoCard 100.007.957
EC Number 208-751-8
MeSH Aminoacetonitrile
PubChem 10901
RTECS number AL7750000
UNII 3739OQ10IJ YesY
Molar mass 56.07 g·mol−1
Appearance Colourless liquid
Boiling point 58.1 °C; 136.5 °F; 331.2 K at 2.0 kPa
GHS pictograms
GHS signal word WARNING
H302, H312, H332, H351
R-phrases R20/21/22, R40
S-phrases S36
Related compounds
Related alkanenitriles
Related compounds
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Aminoacetonitrile is a simple organic compound containing both nitrile and amino groups. It is somewhat similar to the simplest amino acid, glycine. This compound is commercially available as the chloride and sulfate salts.

Production and applications

Industrially aminoacetonitrile is produced from glycolonitrile by reaction with ammonia:


The aminoacetonitrile can be hydrolysed to give glycine:[2]

Aminoacetonitrile derivatives are useful antihelmintics. They act as nematode specific ACh agonists[3] causing a spastic paralysis and rapid expulsion from the host.

Occurrence in the interstellar medium

In 2008, aminoacetonitrile was discovered in the Large Molecule Heimat, a giant gas cloud near the galactic center in the constellation Sagittarius by the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy.[4] This discovery is significant to the debate on whether glycine exists widely in the universe.

External links


  1. 1 2 Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry : IUPAC Recommendations and Preferred Names 2013 (Blue Book). Cambridge: The Royal Society of Chemistry. 2014. pp. 903, 1408. doi:10.1039/9781849733069-FP001. ISBN 978-0-85404-182-4.
  2. Peter Pollak, Gérard Romeder, Ferdinand Hagedorn, Heinz-Peter Gelbke "Nitriles" Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2002, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi:10.1002/14356007.a17_363
  3. Kaminsky, R.; Ducray, P.; Jung, M.; Clover, R.; Rufener, L.; Bouvier, J.; Weber, S. S.; Wenger, A.; Wieland-Berghausen, S.; et al. (2008). "A new class of anthelmintics effective against drug-resistant nematodes". Nature. 452 (7184): 176–180. Bibcode:2008Natur.452..176K. doi:10.1038/nature06722. PMID 18337814.
  4. Belloche, A.; Menten, K. M.; Comito, C.; Müller, H. S. P.; Schilke, P.; Ott, J.; Thorwirth, S.; Hieret, C. (2008). "Detection of amino acetonitrile in Sgr B2(N)" (pdf). Astronomy and Astrophysics. 482 (1): 179–196. arXiv:0801.3219Freely accessible. Bibcode:2008A&A...482..179B. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20079203.

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