American Alliance of Museums
|Focus||Museums, including professionals and volunteers|
|United States of America|
The American Alliance of Museums (AAM), formerly the American Association of Museums, is a non-profit association that has brought museums together since its founding in 1906, helping develop standards and best practices, gathering and sharing knowledge, and advocating on issues of concern to the museum community. AAM is dedicated to ensuring that museums remain a vital part of the American landscape, connecting people with the greatest achievements of the human experience, past, present and future.
AAM is the only organization representing the entire scope of museums and professionals and nonpaid staff who work for and with museums. AAM currently represents more than 25,000 individual museum professionals and volunteers, 4,000 institutions and 150 corporate members. Individual members span the range of occupations in museums, including directors, curators, registrars, educators, exhibit designers, public relations officers, development officers, security managers, trustees and volunteers.
Every type of museum is represented by the more than 4,000 institutional members, including art, history, science, military, maritime, and youth museums, as well as public aquariums, zoos, botanical gardens, arboretums, historic sites, and science and technology centers.
At the 2014 American Alliance of Museums conference, the Institute of Museum and Library Services announced there are now at least 35,000 museums in the US.
An informal meeting was held at the National Museum in Washington, D. C. on December 21, 1905, for the “purpose of discussing the advisability of endeavoring to establish an association of the museums of America.”
- 1906: Foundation
- 1911: Directory of North and South American museums published
- 1923: Headquarters established in Washington, D.C. (offices in the tower of the Smithsonian Castle)
- 1925: Code of Ethics for Museum Workers adopted
- 1925: $2,500 grant from the Carnegie Corporation for research on museum fatigue
- 1927: Laurence Vail Coleman, President (1927–58)
- 1958: Joseph Allen Patterson, President (1958–67)
- 1961: Museum directory published (4,600 institutions)
- 1964: Museums included in the National Arts and Cultural Development Act
- 1966: National Museum Act passed
- 1968: Belmont Report recommends developing accreditation program to help support museums, Kyran M. McGrath, President (1968–75)
- 1969: Accreditation program created on recommendation of a committee chaired by Holman J. Swinney
- 1969: 1975: Richard McLanathan, President (1975–78)
- 1971: The Public Museum of Grand Rapids and fifteen additional museums are the first accredited
- 1976: New constitution adopted
- 1978: Lawrence L. Reger, President (1978–1986)
- 1980: Museum Assessment Program (MAP) created on recommendation of a committee chaired by E. Alvin Gearhardt, with MAP supported through a cooperative agreement with IMS, the Institute of Museum Services (later renamed IMLS, the Institute of Museum and Library Services)
- 1986: Edward H. Able, President (1986–2006)
- 2006: Year of the Museum – 100th anniversary of AAM
- 2007: Ford W. Bell, President (2007-2015)
- 2009: First Comprehensive Strategic Plan “The Spark” adopted
- 2012: Name changed to "American Alliance of Museums"
- 2015: Laura L. Lott, President (2015- )
Media & Technology Committee
Media&Technology (M&T) is a Professional Network of the American Alliance of Museums (AAM), a leading museums organization in the United States. The M&T Network is the AAM link between museums and media technologies. As such, it identifies, examines, and advocates appropriate uses of media technologies in helping museums meet the needs of their diverse publics. Membership is limited to institutions or individuals that are members of AAM. The mission of the M&T is "to identify, access, and advocate a broad variety of program uses for media and technology in helping museum professionals meet the needs of their diverse publics".
"The Spark" is the first comprehensive strategic plan in AAM’s recent history. It articulates a vision for museums, the field and AAM. The mission highlights AAM's commitment to leadership, advocacy, collaboration and service.
"The Spark" contains four goals: excellence, advocacy, sustainability and alignment.
- Hermon Carey Bumpus (1906–07), director of the American Museum of Natural History
- William M.R. French (1907–08), director of the Art Institute of Chicago
- William Jacob Holland (1908–09), director of the Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh
- Frederic A. Lucas (1909–1910), director of the American Museum of Natural History
- Frederick J.V. Skiff (1910–11), director of the Field Museum of Natural History
- Edward S. Morse (1911–12), director of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology
- Henry L. Ward (1912–13), director of the Milwaukee Public Museum
- Benjamin Ives Gilman (1913–14), secretary of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
- Oliver C. Farrington (1914–16), curator, Field Museum of Natural History
- Henry R. Howland (1916–18), director of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences
- Newton H. Carpenter (1918–19), executive secretary of the Art Institute of Chicago
- Paul M. Rea (1919–21), director of the Charleston Museum
- Frederic Allen Whiting (1921–23), director of the Cleveland Museum of Art
- Chauncey J. Hamlin (1923–29), president of the Buffalo Society of Natural Science and a founder of ICOM
- Fiske Kimball (1929–32), director of the Philadelphia Museum of Art
- Paul J. Sachs (1932–36), associate director of the Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University
- Herbert E. Winlock (1936–38), director of the Metropolitan Museum of Art
- Clark Wissler (1938–45), curator of the Department of Anthropology, Yale University
- David E. Finley (1945–49), director of the National Gallery of Art and chairman of the National Trust for Historic Preservation
- George H. Edgell (1949–51), director of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
- Albert E. Parr (1951–53), director of the American Museum of Natural History
- William M. Milliken (1953–57), director of the Cleveland Museum of Art
- Edward P. Alexander (1957–60), vice president for interpretation at Colonial Williamsburg Foundation
- Froelich G. Rainey (1960–63), director of the Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania
- Charles Van Ravenswaay (1963–66), director of the Missouri Historical Society
- Charles Parkhurst (1966–68), director of the Baltimore Museum of Art
- William C. Steere (1968–70), president, the New York Botanical Garden
- James M. Brown III (1970–72), director of the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts
- Charles E. Buckley (1972–74), director of the Saint Louis Art Museum
- Joseph M. Chamberlain (1974–75), director and president of Adler Planetarium
- Joseph Veach Noble 1975–78, director of the Museum of the City of New York
- M. Kenneth Starr (1978–1980), director of Milwaukee Public Museum
- Craig C. Black, director of Carnegie Museum of Natural History
- Dan Monroe, director of Portland Art Museum
- Robert MacDonald (1985–1988), director of the Museum of the City of New York
- W. Richard West (1998–2000), director of the National Museum of the American Indian
- Louis Casagrande (2002–2004), director of the Boston Children's Museum
- Jeffrey Rudolph (2004–2006), director of the California Science Center
- Irene Hirano (2006–2008), director of the Japanese American National Museum
- Carl R. Nold (2008–2010), president and chief executive officer of Historic New England
- Douglas G. Myers (2010-2012), executive director of San Diego Zoo Global
- Meme Omogbai (2012-2014), chief operating officer of the Newark Museum
- Kaywin Feldman (2014-2016), director and president of the Minneapolis Institute of Arts
- Charles R. Richards (1923–27), director of Cooper Union
- Laurence Vail Coleman (1927–58)
- Joseph Allen Patterson (1958–67)
- Kyran M. McGrath (1968–75)
- Richard McLanathan (1975–78)
- Lawrence L. Reger (1978–1986)
- Edward H. Able (1986–2006)
- Ford Watson Bell (2007-2015)
- Laura L. Lott (2015- )
- National Education Association
- Art Museum Partnership
- New England Museum Association
- Association of Art Museum Directors
- Government doubles official estimate - Institute of Museum and Library Services
- "Carnegie Museum of Natural History: 1907 American Association of Museums Meeting Identifications".
- "American Association of Museums Is Now the American Alliance of Museums". American Association of Museums. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- Phyllis Hecht. "Multimedia Awards for Museums: MUSE, A Case Study" (PDF). Stsci.edu. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
- "Strategic Plan". American Alliance of Museums. Retrieved September 10, 2012.