Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh

This article is about the municipality in Uttar Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Aligarh district. For the 2015 Hindi film, see Aligarh (film).
علی گڑھ
Metropolitan City


Location in Uttar Pradesh, India

Coordinates: 27°53′N 78°05′E / 27.88°N 78.08°E / 27.88; 78.08Coordinates: 27°53′N 78°05′E / 27.88°N 78.08°E / 27.88; 78.08
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Division Aligarh
District Aligarh
Founded by koil-Dor Rajputs; Aligarh-Nafaz Khan
  Body Aligarh Nagar Nigam
  Mayor Shakuntala Bharti
Elevation 178 m (584 ft)
Population (2015)[1]
  Total 1,274,408
  Rank 55
  Official Hindi, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 202001,202002
Telephone code 0571
Vehicle registration UP-81

Aligarh (; formerly Allygurh) is a city in the Northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and the administrative headquarters of the Aligarh district. It lies 126 miles (203 km)) northwest of Kanpur and is approximately 90 miles (140 km) southeast of the capital, New Delhi. Notable as the seat of Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh is one of the largest cities in Uttar Pradesh as well as the 55th largest city in India.[2]


Moat at the Aligarh Fort

Before the 18th century, Aligarh was known as Kol. The history of the district up until the 12th century is obscure.[3]

According to an 1875 gazetteer written by Edwin T. Atkinson, the name Kol was given to the city by Balarama, who slew the great Asura (demon) Kol there and, with the assistance of the Ahirs, subdued this part of the doab.[4] In another account, Atkinson points out a "legend" that Kol was founded by the Dor tribe of Rajputs in 372. This is further confirmed by an old fort, the ruined Dor fortress, which lies at the city centre.

Some time before the Muslim invasion, Kol was held by the Dor Rajputs. At the time of Mahmud of Ghazni, the chief of the Dors was Hardatta of Baran.[4] Statues of Buddha and other Buddhist remains have been found in excavations where the citadel of Koil stood, indicating a Buddhist influence. Hindu remains indicate that the citadel probably had a Hindu temple after the Buddhist temple.[4]

In 1194, Qutb-ud-din Aibak marched from Delhi to Kol, "one of the most celebrated fortresses of Hind".[4] Qutb-ud-din Aibak appointed Hisam-ud-din Ulbak as the first Muslim governor of Koil.[4]

Koil is mentioned in Ibn Battuta's Rihla, when Ibn Battuta along with 15 ambassadors representing Ukhaantu Khan, emperor of the Mongol Chinese Yuan dynasty, travelled to Kol city en route to the coast at Cambay (in Gujarat) in 1341.[5] According to Battuta, it would appear that the district was then in a very disturbed state since the escort of the Emperor's embassy had to assist in relieving Jalali from an attacking body of Hindus and lost an officer in the fight. Ibn Batuta calls Kol "a fine town surrounded by mango groves". From these same groves the environs of Kol would appear to have acquired the name Sabzabad or "the green country".[4]

In the reign of Akbar, Kol was made a Sirkar and included the dasturs of Marahra, Kol ba Haveli, Thana Farida and Akbarabad.[4] Akbar and Jahangir visited Kol on hunting expeditions. Jahangir clearly mentions the forest of Kol, where he killed wolves.[3]

During the time of Ibrahim Lodhi, Muhammad, son of 'Umar, was the governor of Kol. He built a fort at Kol and named the city Muhammadgarh, after himself, in 1524–25. Sabit Khan, who was then the governor of this region, of Farrukh Siyar and Muhammad Shah, rebuilt the old Lodhi fort and named the town after himself: Sabitgarh.

The Jat ruler, Surajmal, with help from Jai Singh of Jaipur and the Muslim army, occupied the fort of Koil. Koil was renamed Ramgarh and finally, when a Shia commander, Najaf Khan, captured it, he gave it its present name of Aligarh. Aligarh Fort (also called Aligarh Qila), as it stands today, was built by French engineers under the command of French officers Benoît de Boigne and Perron.[3]

Battle of Aligarh (1803)

General Lord Gerard Lake who oversaw the Battle of Ally Ghur

The Battle of Aligarh was fought on 1 September 1803 during the Second Anglo-Maratha War (1803–1805) at Aligarh Fort. The British 76th Regiment, now known as the Duke of Wellington's Regiment besieged the fort, which was under the control of the French officer Perron, and established British rule. In 1804, the Aligarh district was formed by the union of the second, third and fourth British divisions with the addition of Anupshahr from Muradabad and Sikandra Rao from Etawa. On 1 August 1804, Claude Russell was appointed the first Collector of the new district.[6] Shri Budhsen upadhyay was a famous and prominent freedom fighter iglas block.


Aligarh district is divided into five tehsils, namely Kol Tehsil, Khair Tehsil, Atrauli, Gabhana and Iglas. These tehsils are further divided into 12 blocks.

The city is administered by Nagar Nigam Aligarh (Municipal Corporation), which is responsible for performing civic administrative functions administered by Mayor and Municipal Commissioner (PCS Officer). Infrastructure development of the city is looked after by the Aligarh Development Authority (ADA) administered by Divisional Commissioner (Chairman) and Vice-Chairman (PCS Officer).

Aligarh is the headquarters of Aligarh Police Range and Aligarh Division. A DIG looks after Aligarh for legal condition and law; a Commissioner looks for four district of Aligarh Division(Aligarh, Etah, Hathras, Kasganj).



Aligarh is located at the coordinates 27°53′N 78°05′E / 27.88°N 78.08°E / 27.88; 78.08.[7] It has an elevation of approximately 178 metres (587 feet). The city is in the middle portion of the doab, the land between the Ganges and the Yamuna rivers. The G.T. Road passes through. It is 134 km from capital of India via NH-91.


Aligarh has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate, typical of north-central India. Summers start in April and are hot with temperatures peaking in May. The average temperature range is 28–38 °C (82–100 °F). The monsoon season starts in late June, continuing till early October, bringing high humidity. Aligarh gets most of its annual rainfall of 800 millimetres (31 in) during these months. Temperatures then decrease, and winter sets in December, and continues till February. Temperatures range between 5–11 °C (41–52 °F). Winters in Aligarh are generally mild, but 2011–12 experienced the lowest temperature of 1 °C. The fog and cold snaps are extreme.

Climate data for Aligarh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.7
Average high °C (°F) 20.6
Average low °C (°F) 7.4
Record low °C (°F) 0.0
Average precipitation mm (inches) 15.2
Average rainy days 1.5 1.4 1.0 0.9 2.2 4.1 10.2 11.6 5.2 1.4 0.5 0.8 40.7
Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[8][9]


Religions in Aligarh[10]
Religion Percent
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

The provisional data of 2011 census showed the Aligarh urban area with a population of 12,74,408. Males outnumber females 4,61,772 to 4,12,636 (2011). The literacy rate was 70.54 per cent.[11]


The city is an agricultural trade centre.[12] Agricultural product processing and manufacturing are important.[13]

Aligarh is an important business centre of Uttar Pradesh and is most famous for its lock industry. Aligarh locks are exported across the world. In 1870, Johnson & Co. was the first English lock firm in Aligarh. In 1890, the company initiated production of locks on a small scale here.[14]

Aligarh is famous for brass hardware and sculpture. Today, the city holds thousands of manufacturers, exporters and suppliers involved in the brass, bronze, iron and aluminium industries.

Aligarh is a big centre of zinc die casting. There are thousands of pneumatic hot chamber die casting machines. But many exporters have adopted latest technology and have installed fully automatic, computerised hot chamber machines. Indian Diecasting Industries at Sasni Gate Area is the most renowned manufacturer in this line and they are capable of meeting international quality norms.

Harduaganj Thermal Power Station (also referred as Kasimpur Power House) is 15 km from the city. Narora Atomic Power Station is located 50 km from Aligarh. Despite its proximity to two large power stations, frequent power cuts are normal in Aligarh.

Aligarh hosts Heinz-sauce manufacturing unit in Manzurgarhi, Satha sugar factory on the Aligarh-Kasimpur Power House route and a cement factory of UltraTech Cement company. Indian Oil Boteling Plant exits at Andla in Khair. Wave Distallery (Kingfisher bear) located at Atrauli in Aligarh.

Hicks thermometer has manufacturing in Industrial Estate, Aligarh

SAC Entertainment[15] an event and artist management company that is famous for managing college and school festivals has its registered office in Aligarh[16]


Aligarh is the 55th fastest-growing city in India. Following major development projects are under construction in City.


There are numerous School and colleges in Aligarh for education. Aligarh Muslim University is a leading central university it provides education in various field such as medical and engineering Some of the Engineering colleges in Aligarh are


Cultural landmarks

Church of ascension, Aligarh

Aligarh has several popular landmarks. Most notable few of them are Aligarh fort, Another one is Khereshwar Temple which is the Birth Place of Swami Shri HARIDAS JI, Teerthdham Mangalayatan Mandir and Dor fortress (1524), which is now in ruins, lies at the city's centre; its site is in the area now called Upper Kot and is occupied by an 18th-century mosque.

The Annual Cultural Exhibition, popularly known as Numaish, is held at the exhibition ground in January and February. The cultural shows takes place at 3 grand stages(Kohinoor, Krishnanjali, Muktakash). In all more than 150 stage events featuring artist from across the India takes place during a period of 28 days. In 2015, for the first time the major cultural programs of Numaish was managed by an Aligarh-based firm SAC Entertainment at Kohinoor stage.[17]

A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada visited Aligarh in October 1976

founded by Varshney community of Aligarh.

Historical places

Aligarh fort, Aligarh

Places of worship

Khereshwar Temple which is the Birth Place of Swami Shri HARIDAS JI, "Sai Mandir" at Sarsol on G.T. Road. Many old Hindu temples in the city are near Achal Taal (opposite Dharma Samaj College). There are four key temples at four corners of the Achal Taal; all the four temples are Hindu Siddh Peeth. The Tika Ram mandir at centre point is also a renowned temple of the city. Khereshwar Dham is known for an ancient Lord Shiv temple and situated at Haridaspur, Aligarh (3 km from Aligarh).It is one of the famous temple of the city.

Another landmark is Sir Syed Masjid in Aligarh Muslim University's campus.

SS Masjid beside Strachey Hall, AMU Aligarh

The city contains tombs of Muslim saints Hazrat Shah Jamal (R.A) at Shah Jamal Area Barchi Bahadur was the one of the Descendants of Shah Jamal.[18] Aligarh has a very renowned tomb, Baba Barchi Bahadur, at Kath Pula. Another old Jain temple with fresco painted ceilings is located behind Khirni Gate Police Chowky at Agra Road in the main City.

A famous Jainism Teerth Dhaam "Mangalayatan Teerth Dhaam" was built at Agra Road.

Aligarh Muslim University

Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) is one of the oldest central university. It was established by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan as Madrasatul Uloom Musalmanan-e-Hind, In 1875–78 which later became Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College (MAO College). It was designed to train Muslims for government services in India and prepare them for advanced training in British universities. The Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College became Aligarh Muslim University in 1920. It is famous for its Law, Medical and Engineering College.


Aligarh currently has 7 FM Radio stations:

2 new FM stations coming soon--


Social organisations in Aligarh city, include

Film festival

International short film festival Filmsaaz is being held since 2008 by Aligarh Muslim University.

Culture, folk music and cinema

Various styles of music and art in folk songs of North India's Braj region include:


By rail

Aligarh Junction railway station is the primary station for Aligarh city and is a major stop on the Delhi-Kolkata route.It is a A-Class railway station.It is one of the oldest railway station of this route. It connects Aligarh to the states of West Bengal, Odisha, Bihar, Jharkhand, north-east and most of Uttar Pradesh, and important cities such as New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bhopal, Indore, Jammu, Gwalior, Lucknow, Jhansi, Puri, Kanpur, Agra and Varanasi. Aligarh railway station handles over 136 trains daily (in both directions) and serves around 204,000 passengers everyday. Aligarh has one Branch Railway Line to Bareily.

Aligarh City has following railway stations:

By road

Aligarh is 140 km from New Delhi. It is one of the Division of UPSRTC. Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (UPSRTC) buses serve cities all over the state and cities in Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Haryana.

Aligarh City has two UPSRTC bus stations:

There are buses plying from Aligarh to Delhi at frequent intervals via

1) Khair, Tappal, Palval, faridabad, delhi. the route is under construction between Khair and Palval and should be strictly avoided for cars. No toll charges.

2) Khair, Tappal, Yamuna expressway, G Noida, Noida, Delhi, Gurgaon. - Best and recommended Route for Delhi, Noida, Gurgaon. Toll Charges are 120 rs between aligarh and delhi.

3) Old GT Road, Ghaziabad, Delhi. NH 91, it is a four lane highway (Toll road).Toll charges 190 Rs.

Following Highways are connected to Aligarh.

Aligarh City has Mahanagar Bus Service (City Bus Service) which provides local transport to Aligarh.

By air

The nearest international airport from Aligarh is Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi. It is 140 km from Aligarh.

Aligarh Airport is in under construction, it is in Dhanipur on NH 91. Dhanipur Air Strip is used as Flying Club. The Government of Uttar Pradesh signed a MoU with the Airports Authority of India (AAI) in February 2014 for the development of the airport.

Notable personalities


Faculty of Arts, Aligarh Muslim University


Writers, poets and publishers


Victoria gate

Freedom Fighters

Film actors

ZHCET's View at Night

Sports persons


Medical professionals

Social activists


  1. "Aligarh City Population Census 2011 | Uttar Pradesh". Retrieved 2015-11-06.
  2. "Top cities of India by population, Census 2011". Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  3. 1 2 3 "Histor11". Retrieved 2015-07-29.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Edwin T. Atkinson (1875). Descriptive and Historical Account of the Aligarh District. p. 484. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
  5. The Adventures of Ibn Battuta, by Ross E. Dunn, p. 215
  6. Edwin T. Atkinson (1875). Descriptive and Historical Account of the Aligarh District. p. 348. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
  7. "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Aligarh". Retrieved 13 October 2011.
  8. "Aligarh Climatological Table Period: 1971–2000". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved April 15, 2015.
  9. "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Archived (PDF) from the original on 21 May 2013. Retrieved April 15, 2015.
  10. 2011 census of India: Datasheet
  11. "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  12. "". 7 June 2005. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
  13. "Britannica". Britannica. Retrieved 13 October 2011.
  14. Pawan JainPawan Jain (3 June 2003). "Times of India". Retrieved 13 October 2011.
  15. "SAC Entertainment". Retrieved 2015-07-29.
  16. "Google Maps". Retrieved 2015-07-29.
  17. "Dainik Jagran". 29 Jan 2015. Retrieved 2015-07-29.
  18. Hoiberg, Dale; Ramchandani, Indu (2000). Students' Britannica India. New Delhi: Encyclopaedia Britannica (India). ISBN 0852297602. OCLC 45086947.
  19. "Hindi Newspapers". Amar Ujala. Retrieved 19 July 2016.

Further reading

list of Celebrities upcoming in 2016 MangalBazaar Hindi Novel

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