Alicante Tram

Alicante Tram
TRAM Metropolitano de Alicante (Spanish)
TRAM Metropolità d'Alacant (Valencian)
Locale Alicante, Valencia, Spain
Transit type Tram
Commuter rail
Began operation 1999
Operator(s) FGV
Lines of Alicante Tram

The Alicante Tram, trademarked as Alicante Metropolitan TRAM (Valencian: TRAM Metropolità d'Alacant, Spanish: TRAM Metropolitano de Alicante),[lower-alpha 1][lower-alpha 2] operates in the Spanish city of Alicante (Valencia) and its surrounding area. Like other narrow gauge railways in the Valencian Community, it is run by Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat Valenciana (FGV). It was inaugurated on 15 August 2003 replacing narrow-gauge diesel trains between Alicante and El Campello.

The Alicante Metropolitan Tram light rail combines different modes of rail services: a partially underground modern tramway through Alicante city centre, a tram-train from Alicante to Benidorm, and conventional commuter rail from Benidorm to Altea, Calp and Dénia.


There has been a rich history of urban rail service in Alicante. The tram service began on 13 July 1893 and the network was rapidly expanding to Mutxamel (1902), Elche and Crevillent (1905) and San Vicente del Raspeig (1906). Initially, the streetcars were horse-drawn. Since 1903 the trams were carried as well by the power of steam engine, leading to the disappearance of the horse-drawn trams by 1924. The electrification of tram lines began in 1923. In 1920s and 30s the network was further expanded throughout the city and was extensively used in 1940s. In 1950s, due to high costs of electricity, trams were gradually losing the competition against growing automobile services and by 14 November 1969 they completely disappeared from the streets. Thirty years later, on 13 March 1999 the trams were back with the inauguration of an experimental route between Plaza del Mar and Albufereta that was extended to El Campello in 2003.[1][2]


Tram at Lucentum station going to El Campello on line L3
Flexity Outlook type tram at the station Alicante - La Marina
New MAN 2500 series diesel train at depot near La Marina station
Old MAN 2300 series diesel train in El Campello station

The network comprises the following lines:

Lines L1, L2, L3 and L4 share the city centre underground section between MARQ and the city centre Luceros station. The Mercado (Valencian: Mercat) station on the segment was opened on 10 May 2007 and the Luceros was opened on 18 June 2010.

Construction and plans

The underground section has been constructed to continue westward to Estació Multimodal serving the Adif station (and a possible relocation of the bus station).

Line L2 (tram), using the same underground stretch as lines L1, L3 and L4, now connects the centre of Alicante with the University of Alicante in San Vicente del Raspeig.

There are plans to extend the tram-train service southwards to Alicante Airport, El Altet, Elche, Gran Alacant, Santa Pola, Guardamar and Torrevieja. According to the local press it seems unlikely that any of these extensions will be built in the near future due to lack of funds.


underground stations

ground stations

overpasses and viaducts


  1. Pronunciation:
    • Valencian: [ˈtɾam metɾopoliˈta ðalaˈkant].
    • Spanish: [ˈtɾam metɾopoliˈtano ðe aliˈkante].
  2. Local nicknames:
    • El Tram (Valencian: [el ˈtɾam], Spanish: [el ˈtɾan]), "The Tram".


  1. "Alicante: de la diligencia al Tram (la exposición)" (PDF). La Conselleria d'Infraestructures i Transport i Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat Valenciana. 2007. Retrieved 2012-05-28.
  2. "Alicante en el recuerdo: el tranvía y nuestra ciudad". Alicante Vivo. 2007-07-28. Retrieved 2012-05-28.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Trams in Alicante.

Coordinates: 38°21′55″N 0°26′40″W / 38.36528°N 0.44444°W / 38.36528; -0.44444

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 9/9/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.