17 July 1919|
|Died||15 February 2012 (aged 92)|
|Alma mater||University of Birmingham|
Fellow of the Royal Society|
Hughes Medal (1961)
Harvey Prize (1974)
Rumford Medal (1974)
Copley Medal (1996)
Sir Alan Howard Cottrell, FRS (17 July 1919 – 15 February 2012) was an English metallurgist and physicist, former Chief Scientific Advisor to the UK Government and vice-chancellor of Cambridge University 1977-1979.
Cottrell joined the staff as a lecturer at Birmingham, being made professor in 1949, and transforming the teaching of the department by emphasizing modern concepts of solid state physics. In 1955 he moved to A.E.R.E. Harwell, to become Deputy Head of Metallurgy under Monty Finniston.
From 1958 to 1965 Cottrell was Goldsmiths' Professor of Metallurgy at Cambridge University, and a fellow of Christ's College. He later worked for the government in various capacities, ultimately as Chief Scientific Adviser from 1971 to 1974, before becoming Master of Jesus College, Cambridge, from 1973 to 1986, and Vice-Chancellor of the University in 1977-1979.
Awards and honours
- 1955 Elected a Fellow of the Royal Society
- 1961 Hughes Medal
- 1962 Francis J. Clamer Medal
- 1965 He was the first to be awarded the A. A. Griffith Medal and Prize.
- 1967 James Alfred Ewing Medal.
- 1971 He was knighted.
- 1973 Honorary Degree (Doctor of Science) from the University of Bath.
- 1974 James Douglas Gold Medal in 1974
- 1982 Cottrell was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Essex
- 1996 Copley Medal (the Royal Society's highest award)
He was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
- Theoretical Structural Metallurgy (1948) (E Arnold; 2nd Revised edition (January 1, 1955)) (ISBN 0713120436)
- Dislocations and Plastic Flows in Crystals (1953)
- Superconductivity (1964) (Harwood Academic (Medical, Reference and Social Sc; n edition (December 1964)) (ISBN 0677000650)
- An Introduction to Metallurgy (1967)
- Portrait of Nature : the world as seen by modern science (1975)
- How Safe is Nuclear Energy? (1982) (Heinemann Educational Publishers (June 29, 1981)) (ISBN 0435541757)
- Concepts in the Electron Theory of Alloys (1998)
- Smallman, R. E.; Knott, J. F. (2013). "Sir Alan Cottrell FRS FREng. 17 July 1919 -- 15 February 2012". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2012.0042.
- History of Metallurgy at Birmingham Engineering at Birmingham University
- Scientists in Whitehall by Philip Gummett p49, available at Google books
- Masters of Jesus College
- Hughes archive winners 1989 - 1902 Royal Society
- The International Who's Who 2004
- AIME Awards
- Copley recent winners: 1990 - present day Royal Society
- Holders of the Copley medal (1731–2005) Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press 2004
- "The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences: Alan Cottrell". Retrieved 2009-05-01.
- Mention of Alan Cottrell's death
- The National Archives lists his reports
- Listen to an oral history interview with Sir Alan Cottrell - a life story interview recorded for An Oral History of British Science at the British Library
- Tribute by Prof Peter Hirsch
- Obituary, Daily Telegraph, 19 February 2012
- Obituary by Dr J.A. Charles
- AIME James Douglas Gold Medal in 1974 Biography at The American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers.
Sir Solly Zuckerman
|Chief Scientific Adviser to the UK Government
| Succeeded by|
Dr Robert Press
Sir Denys Page
|Master of Jesus College, Cambridge
1973 - 1986
| Succeeded by|
Dame Rosemary Murray
|Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge
| Succeeded by|
Sir Peter Swinnerton-Dyer