For other uses, see Alaçam (disambiguation).

Location of Alaçam

Coordinates: 41°36′36″N 35°35′42″E / 41.61000°N 35.59500°E / 41.61000; 35.59500Coordinates: 41°36′36″N 35°35′42″E / 41.61000°N 35.59500°E / 41.61000; 35.59500
Country  Turkey
Region Black Sea
Province Samsun
  Mayor İlyas Acar (MHP)
  District 597.92 km2 (230.86 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
  Urban 10,644
  District 28,315
  District density 47/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
  Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 55800
Area code(s) (0090)+ 362
Vehicle registration 55
Climate Cfa

Alaçam is a central town of Alaçam district of Samsun Province of Turkey. Scholars believe that Alaçam is the site of the ancient city of Zaliche or Zaliches.[3]


Alaçam County has a long history. It has been held by Phrygian, Cimmerians, Lydians and Persians before the area was taken by Alexander the Great. The Pontus Kingdom came in the 1st century BC which was in turn annexed by the Roman Empire. After the division of the Roman Empire, the Byzantines called the town Zalikus.

The Seljuk named the town Uluköy, until 1385 when it was briefly part of the Candaroğulları Beyliği rump state and it took the name of the Alaçam county. The name Alaçam means Spruce from the so-called big pine trees indemic to the area. Then in 1398 Alaçam entered the Ottoman empire, becoming a Turkish town on September 1, 1944.


Alaçam County's economy relies mainly on agriculture and animal husbandry. Like most of the region Tobacco is the leading agricultural product. In addition to this wheat, rice, corn and nuts production will follow. It also has some raising fruits and vegetables. being on the Black Sea coast fishing is also done. In animal husbandry and livestock farming is carried out. Approximately 6200 farmers engaged in tobacco farming.


Geyikkoşan tomb.

Alaçam is well known for its areas of scenic beauty. 2km north of the town by the Black Sea beaches are groves of sycamore and poplar trees which take their name from Geyikkoşan Baba's Tomb said to be in the woods. This is both as a picnic area and is an ideal place to swim.

In the south of the town at an altitude of 1,500 m is the Dürtmen Yaylası Plateau, which is also a recreational area worth seeing for its natural beauty. A portion of the Kızılırmak River delta is within the boundaries of the district.

On May 6 the Hidirellez Festival are held annually. This festival sees national amateur wrestlers competitions. It is said that the origin of the festival is based on a 600-year legend according to which an Arab army commander position gave beef portions to the poor people of the town. The plateau is a popular place where people living in Alaçam come at leisure. Tourists can stay here.


  1. "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. Richard Talbert, Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, (ISBN 0-691-03169-X), Map 87 & notes.

External links

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