Green in concert at the Chumash Casino Resort, Santa Ynez, California, July 2006
|Birth name||Albert Leornes Greene|
|Also known as||The Reverend Al Green|
April 13, 1946|
Forrest City, Arkansas, U.S.
Albert Leornes "Al" Greene (born April 13, 1946), often known as The Reverend Al Green, is an American singer, songwriter and record producer, best known for recording a series of soul hit singles in the early 1970s, including "Take Me to the River", "Tired of Being Alone", "I'm Still in Love with You", "Love and Happiness" and his signature song, "Let's Stay Together". Inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1995, Green was referred to on the museum's site as being "one of the most gifted purveyors of soul music". He has also been referred to as "The Last of the Great Soul Singers". Green was included in the Rolling Stone list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time, ranking at No. 65.
Life and career
Al Green was born Albert Leornes Greene on April 13, 1946, in Forrest City, Arkansas. The sixth of ten children born to Cora Lee and Robert G. Greene, Jr., a sharecropper, Al began performing with his brothers in a group called the Greene Brothers at around the age of ten. The Greene family relocated to Grand Rapids, Michigan, in the late 1950s. Al was kicked out of the family home while in his teens, after his religiously devout father caught him listening to Jackie Wilson.
"I also listened to Mahalia Jackson, all the great gospel singers. But the most important music to me was those hip-shakin’ boys: Wilson Pickett and Elvis Presley. I just loved Elvis Presley. Whatever he got, I went out and bought."
In high school, Al formed a vocal group called Al Greene & the Creations. Two of the group's members, Curtis Rodgers and Palmer James, formed an independent label called Hot Line Music Journal. In 1968, having changed their name to Al Greene & the Soul Mates, they recorded the song "Back Up Train", releasing it on Hot Line Music. The song was a hit on the R&B charts. However, the group's subsequent follow-ups failed to chart, as did their debut album, Back Up Train. While performing with the Soul Mates, Green came into contact with Memphis record producer Willie Mitchell, who hired him in 1969 to be a vocalist for a Texas show with Mitchell's band. Following the performance, Mitchell asked Green to sign with his Hi Records label.
Having noted that Green had been trying to sing like Jackie Wilson, Sam Cooke, Wilson Pickett and James Brown, Mitchell became his vocal mentor, coaching him into finding his own voice. Before releasing his first album with Hi, Green removed the final "e" from his name. Subsequently, he released Green Is Blues, which was a moderate success. His follow-up album, Al Green Gets Next to You, featured the hit R&B cover of the Temptations' "I Can't Get Next to You", recorded in a slow blues-oriented version. The album also featured his first significant hit, "Tired of Being Alone", which sold half a million copies and was certified gold, becoming the first of seven consecutive gold singles Green would record in the next couple of years.
Green's next album, Let's Stay Together, solidified his place in soul music. The title track was his biggest hit to date, reaching number one on both the Billboard Hot 100 and R&B charts. The album became his first to be certified gold. His follow-up, I'm Still in Love with You went platinum with the help of the singles "Look What You Done for Me" and the title track, both of which went to the top ten on the Hot 100. His next album, Call Me, released in 1973, produced three top ten singles: "You Ought to Be with Me", "Call Me (Come Back Home)" and "Here I Am (Come and Take Me)". Green's album Livin' for You, released at the end of 1973, was his last album to be certified gold.
In addition to these hit singles, Green also had radio hits with songs such as "Love and Happiness", his cover of the Bee Gees' "How Can You Mend a Broken Heart", "Simply Beautiful", "What a Wonderful Thing Love Is" and "Take Me to the River", later covered successfully by new wave band Talking Heads and blues artist Syl Johnson. Green continued to record successful R&B hits in the next several years including "Livin' for You", "Let's Get Married", "Sha-La-La (Makes Me Happy)", "L-O-V-E (Love)" and "Full of Fire". By the time Green released the album, The Belle Album in 1977, however, Green's record sales had plummeted, partially due to Green's own personal issues during this time and his desire to become a minister. His last Hi Records album, Truth n' Time, was released in 1978 and failed to become a success. Two years later, he left Hi for Myrrh Records and recorded only gospel music for the next decade and a half.
Gospel recordings and return to secular music
Green's first gospel album, The Lord Will Make a Way, was released in 1980. The title song from the album would later win Green his first of eight Grammy Awards in the Best Soul Gospel Performance category. In 1982, Green co-starred with Patti LaBelle in the Broadway play, "Your Arms Too Short to Box with God". His 1985 gospel album, He Is the Light reunited Green with Willie Mitchell while his 1987 follow-up, Soul Survivor, featured the minor hit, "Everything's Gonna Be Alright", which reached number 22 on the R&B chart, his first top 40 R&B hit since "I Feel Good" in 1978.
Green returned to secular music in 1988 recording "Put a Little Love in Your Heart" with Annie Lennox. Featured on the soundtrack to the movie, Scrooged, the song became Green's first top 10 pop hit since 1974. Green had a hit in 1989 with "The Message is Love" with producer Arthur Baker. Two years later, he recorded the theme song to the short-lived show Good Sports. In 1993, he signed with RCA and with Baker again as producer, released the album, Don't Look Back. Green received his ninth Grammy award for his collaboration with Lyle Lovett for their duet of "Funny How Time Slips Away". Green's 1995 album, Your Heart's In Good Hands, was released around the time that Green was inducted to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. The one single released from the album, "Keep On Pushing Love", was described as "invoking the original, sparse sound of his [Green's] early classics."
In 2000, Green released his autobiography, Take Me to the River. Two years later, he earned the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award and recorded a hit R&B duet with Ann Nesby on the song, "Put It On Paper". Green again reunited with Willie Mitchell in 2003 for the album, I Can't Stop. A year later, Green re-recorded his previous song, "Simply Beautiful", with Queen Latifah on the latter's album, The Dana Owens Album. In 2005, Green and Mitchell collaborated on Everything's OK. His 2008 album, Lay It Down, was produced by Ahmir "Questlove" Thompson and James Poyser. It became his first album to reach the top ten since the early 1970s. The album featured a minor R&B hit with the ballad, "Stay with Me (By the Sea)", featuring John Legend and also featuring duets with Anthony Hamilton and Corinne Bailey Rae. During an interview for promotion of the album, Green admitted that he would have liked to duet with Marvin Gaye: "In those days, people didn't sing together like they do now," he said. In 2009, Green recorded "People Get Ready" with Heather Headley on the album, Oh Happy Day: An All-Star Music Celebration. In 2010, Green performed "Let's Stay Together" on Later... with Jools Holland.
Death of Mary Woodson White
On October 18, 1974, shortly after Al Green Explores Your Mind was released, Mary Woodson White, a girlfriend of Green's, assaulted him before committing suicide at his Memphis home. Although she was already married, White reportedly became upset when Green refused to marry her. At some point during the evening, White doused Green with a pan of boiling grits while he was bathing, causing severe burns on Green's back, stomach and arms. She then found his .38 and killed herself. In her purse, police found a note declaring her intentions and her reasons.
Turn to the ministry
Green cited the incident with White as a wake-up call to change his life. He became an ordained pastor of the Full Gospel Tabernacle in Memphis in 1976. Continuing to record R&B, Green saw his sales start to slip and drew mixed reviews from critics. In 1979, Green injured himself falling off the stage while performing in Cincinnati and interpreted this as a message from God. He then concentrated his energies towards pastoring his church and gospel singing. His first gospel album was The Lord Will Make a Way. From 1981 to 1989 Green recorded a series of gospel albums, garnering eight "soul gospel performance" Grammy Awards in that period. In 1985, he reunited with Willie Mitchell along with Angelo Earl for He Is the Light, his first album for A&M Records. In 1984, director Robert Mugge released a documentary film, Gospel According to Al Green, including interviews about his life and footage from his church.
Green preaches in Memphis, Tennessee near Graceland.
Marriage to Shirley Kyles
In June 1977, Green married Shirley Kyles. They had three daughters together, Alva, Rubi and Kora. The marriage lasted until January 1983. Shirley later alleged that Green had been subjecting her to domestic violence throughout their marriage.
- Back Up Train (1967)
- Green Is Blues (1969)
- Al Green Gets Next to You (1971)
- Let's Stay Together (1972)
- I'm Still in Love with You (1972)
- Call Me (1973)
- Livin' for You (1973)
- Al Green Explores Your Mind (1974)
- Al Green Is Love (1975)
- Full of Fire (1976)
- Have a Good Time (1976)
- The Belle Album (1977)
- Truth n' Time (1978)
- The Lord Will Make a Way (1980)
- Higher Plane (1982)
- Precious Lord (1982)
- I'll Rise Again (1983)
- The Christmas Album (1983)
- Trust in God (1984)
- He Is the Light (1985)
- Soul Survivor (1987)
- I Get Joy (1989)
- From My Soul (1990)
- Love Is Reality (1992)
- Don't Look Back (1993)
- Your Heart's in Good Hands (1995)
- I Can't Stop (2003)
- Everything's OK (2005)
- Lay It Down (2008)
- Green, A. with Seay, D. (2009), Take Me to the River, Chicago Review Press, ISBN 978-1556528101
Awards and honors
Green was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1995. In 2004, he was inducted into the Gospel Music Association's Gospel Music Hall of Fame. That same year, he was inducted into The Songwriters Hall of Fame. Also in 2004, Rolling Stone magazine ranked him No. 65 on their list of the 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. He was honored with a Lifetime Achievement Award at the 2009 BET Awards on June 24, 2009 .
On August 26, 2004, Green was honored as a BMI Icon at the annual BMI Urban Awards. He joined a list of previous Icon honorees that included R&B legends James Brown, Chuck Berry, Little Richard and Bo Diddley.
Green was recognized on December 7, 2014, as a Kennedy Center Honors recipient.
- "Silent No Longer". Chicago Tribune. March 1, 1995. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
- "Al Green". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
- All Music Guide to Soul: The Definitive Guide to R&B and Soul. Books.google.com. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
- Justin Timberlake. "The Immortals - The Greatest Artists of All Time: 65) Al Green". Rolling Stone Issue 946. Rolling Stone.
- "Al Green: Biography". Archived from the original on April 12, 2008. Retrieved February 27, 2008.
- Darden, Robert; Darden, Bob (2005). People Get Ready!: A New History of Black Gospel Music. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 296. ISBN 0-8264-1752-3.
- Booth, Stanley (2000). Rhythm Oil: A Journey Through the Music of the American South. Da Capo Press. p. 150. ISBN 0-306-80979-6.
- "Kicked Out of House". Biography.com. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
- Strong, Martin C.; Peel, John (2004). The Great Rock Discography: Complete Discographies Listing Every Track Recorded by More Than 1,200 Artists. Canongate U.S. p. 628. ISBN 1-84195-615-5.
- "Your Arms Too Short to Box With God: A Soaring Celebration in Song and Dance". ibdb.com. Retrieved August 7, 2008.
- Tucker, Ken (January 25, 1991). "Good Sports". Entertainment Weekly.
- Van Til, Reinder; Olson, Gordon (2007). Thin Ice: Coming of Age in Grand Rapids. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. pp. 225–226. ISBN 0-8028-2478-1.
- "Al Green - Your Heart's In Good Hands CD Album". Cduniverse.com. November 7, 1995. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
- Cohen, Jonathan (December 14, 2006). "The Roots Plot Tour, ?uestlove Reworks Pharrell". Billboard.
- Jurek, Thom. "Lay It Down: Album Review". billboard.com. Archived from the original on May 31, 2008. Retrieved August 7, 2008.
- "News". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 6, 2011.
- "Jon Bon Jovi, Queen Latifah go gospel for "Day"". Reuters. March 27, 2009.
- Brunner, Rob (October 20, 2000). "Al Green's conversion". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
- Kim, Alice (May 17, 2002). "Al Green loves and cherishes the booty". The Stanford Daily. Archived from the original on May 14, 2008. Retrieved August 7, 2008.
- Sullivan, James (February 22, 2008). "Twisted Tales: Al Green Finds Salvation, Served Scalding Hot". spinner.com. Retrieved August 7, 2008.
- "TripAdvisor: Full Gospel Tabernacle Church - Memphis, TN".
- "Al Green (1946–)". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved August 7, 2008.
- Mastropolo, Frank (October 17, 2014). "Pure Agony: Al Green Scalded by Hot Grits 40 Years Ago". Retrieved November 9, 2014.
- "Al Green Exhibit Home". Songwriters Hall of Fame. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
- "Al Green to scoop lifetime gong". BBC News. BBC. May 16, 2008. Retrieved January 1, 2010.
- "BMI Celebrates Urban Music at 2004 Awards with Top Writers, Producers, Publishers". bmi.com. Archived from the original on September 20, 2010. Retrieved October 13, 2010.
- "Tom Hanks, Lily Tomlin, Sting to Receive Kennedy Center Honors". variety.com. Retrieved October 10, 2015.
- Christgau, Robert; et al. (1976). "Al Green". The Rolling Stone Illustrated History of Rock & Roll.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Al Green.|
- Al Green at AllMusic
- Al Green at the Internet Movie Database
- Al Green at the Internet Broadway Database
- "Al Green". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.