He wrote commentaries on Euclid and Archimedes, and improved Ishaq ibn Hunayn's translation of Menelaus of Alexandria's Spherics. He tried vainly to solve an Archimedean problem: to divide a sphere by means of a plane into two segments being in a given ratio of volume. That problem led to a cubic equation,
which Muslim writers called al-Mahani's equation.
- Donzel, E. J. van (1 January 1994). Islamic Desk Reference. BRILL. p. 287. ISBN 90-04-09738-4.
Muhammad b. Isa* al-Mahani: Persian mathematician and astronomer; ixth c. He wrote commentaries on Euclid's Elements, on Archimedes, and a partial revision of the deficient translation of the Spherics of Menelaus.
- H. Suter, Die Mathematiker und Astronomen der Araber 26, 1900. His failure to solve the Archimedean problem is quoted by 'Omar al-Khayyami'). See Fr. Woepcke, L'algebra d'Omar Alkhayyami 2, 96 sq. (Paris, 1851).
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Abu Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Isa Al-Mahani", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
- Dold-Samplonius, Yvonne (2008) [1970-80]. "Al-Māhānī, Abū 'Abd Allāh Muḥammad Ibn 'Īsā". Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. Encyclopedia.com.