Al-Afdal Muhammad

Al-Afdal Muhammad (Arabic: الأفضل محمد) was the last Ayyubid governor of Hama, in central Syria, reigning from 1332 to 1341.[1] He was the son and successor of Abu'l-Fida, and a descendant of Saladin's brother Nur ad-Din Shahanshah. After the Mamluk defeat of the Mongols in 1260 at the Battle of Ain Jalut, Hama was restored as a tributary emirate and a succession of Ayyubid rulers of Kurdish origin governed the city. However, al-Afdal incurred the displeasure of his Mamluk overlords and was deposed by them in 1341.[2]


  1. Lane-Poole, 2004, p.79.
  2. Abu-Lughod and Dumper, 2007, p.163.


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