Ahmad Khani

For the village in Iran, see Ahmad Khani, Iran.
Ahmad Khani

A bust of Ahmad Khani in Iraqi Kurdistan
Born 1650
Hakkari, Hakkâri Province
Died 1707
(Dogubeyazit), Ağrı
Nationality Kurdish
Occupation Writer, poet, astronomer, philosopher
Years active 17th century
Academic background
Influences Malaye Jaziri, Ali Hariri, Faqi Tayran
Academic work
Influenced Abdurrahman Sharafkandi, Mastoureh Ardalan, Nalî, Haji Qadir Koyi, Hemin Mukriyani

Ahmad Khani, Ahmad-i Khani (Kurdish: Ehmedê Xanî, 1650–1707) was a Kurdish writer, poet, astronomer and philosopher.[1] He was born amongst the Khani's tribe in Hakkari province in present-day Turkey. He moved to Bayezid in Ritkan province and settled there. Later he started with teaching Kurdish (Kurmanji) at basic level. Khani was fluent in Kurdish, Arabic and Persian. He wrote his Arabic-Kurdish dictionary "Nûbihara Biçûkan" (The Spring of Children) in 1683 to help children with their learning process.[2]

His most important work is the Kurdish classic love story "Mem and Zin" (Mem û Zîn) (1692).[3]

His other work include a book called Eqîdeya Îmanê (The Path of Faith), which is part poem and part prose. The book explains the five pillars of Islamic faith. It was published in 2000 in Sweden.



  1. Mem û Zîn (Mem and Zin), see for its French translation, see for its English translation,

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External links

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