Ahaziah of Israel

This entry is not about King Ahaziah of Judah.
King of Israel

Predecessor Ahab
Successor Jehoram

Ahaziah (Hebrew: אֲחַזְיָה ’Ăḥazyāhū, "Yahu has grasped"; also Ochozias; c. 870 BC c. 850 BC) was king of Israel and the son of Ahab and Jezebel.

William F. Albright has dated his reign to 850-849 BC, while E. R. Thiele offers the dates 853-852 BC.[1] The author of the Books of Kings criticized him for following the ways of his father Ahab.


During his reign the Moabites revolted against his authority (2 Kings 3:5-7). This event is recorded on the Mesha stele, an extensive inscription written in the Moabite language.

Ahaziah formed a business partnership with Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, in order to construct a fleet of trading ships. However, because Jehoshapat had made an alliance with Ahaziah (who was doing the same evil as Ahab and Jezebel, his father and mother, in the kingdom of Israel) the ships were wrecked and never set sail.[2]

His messengers, sent to consult Baal-Zebub, the god of prophecy in Ekron regarding his recovery from the effects of a fall from the roof-gallery of his palace, were met on the way by Elijah, who sent them back to tell the king that, for his deeds and for seeking a God that was not the God of Israel, he would never rise from his bed (1 Kings 22:51; 2 Kings 1:18). According to the Second Book of Kings, he did not recover from his injuries and died.

Having no son, Ahaziah was succeeded as king of Israel by Joram,[3] his younger brother.


The ancestors of Ahaziah can be recognized by the Bible.

Omri of Israel
Ahab of Israel
Ithobaal I of Sidon
Ahaziah of Israel
Jezebel of Tyre


  1. Edwin Thiele, The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings, (1st ed.; New York: Macmillan, 1951; 2d ed.; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1965; 3rd ed.; Grand Rapids: Zondervan/Kregel, 1983). ISBN 0-8254-3825-X, 9780825438257
  2. "Ahaziah, King of Israel", 2 Chronicles 20:35-37
  3. 2 Kings 1:17

External links

Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Ahaziah.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George (1897). "Ahaziah". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons. 

Ahaziah of Israel
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King of Israel
853 BC 852 BC
Succeeded by
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