For the region in Central Greece, see Agrafa. For the moth genus, see Agrapha (moth).

Agrapha (αγραφον; Greek for "non written"; singular agraphon) are sayings of Jesus that are not found in the canonical Gospels. The term was used for the first time by J.G. Körner, a German Bible scholar in 1776.

Definition of agrapha

The Agrapha must satisfy three conditions:

So, mere additions to pre-existing Sayings are not Agrapha.


According to the Roman Catholic Church, for Agrapha to be genuine, they must be supported by external and internal evidence. This means that early writers, like Papias, Clement, Irenaeus, and Justin Martyr would have quoted them, and the message of the Agrapha must not conflict with the teachings of Jesus contained in the Canonical Gospels.

New Testament

Acts 20:35: "Remember the word of the Lord Jesus, how he said: It is a more blessed thing to give, rather than to receive."[1]

1 Cor 11:22 "The Lord Jesus, on the night in which he was handed over, took bread, and after giving thanks he broke it and said, This is my body that is for you. Do this to remember me. Likewise also the cup after dining, saying, This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this as often as you drink, to remember me."

Apocryphal Scriptures

Apostolic Church Order, 26: "For he said to us before, when he was teaching: That which is weak shall be saved through that which is strong."

Acts of Philip 34: "For the Lord said to me: Except ye make the lower into the upper and the left into the right, ye shall not enter into my kingdom."

Patristic citations

Oxyrhynchus Logia

Second Logion: "Jesus saith, Except you fast to the world, you shall in no wise find the kingdom of God."

Third Logion: "Jesus saith, I stood in the midst of the world, and in the flesh was I seen of them, and I found all men drunken, and none found I athirst among them, and my soul grieved over the sons of men, because they are blind in their heart, and see not."

Fifth Logion: "Jesus saith, Wherever there are two, they are not without God; and wherever there is one alone, I say I am with him. Raise the stone and there thou shalt find me; cleave the wood, and there am I."

Sixth Logion: "Jesus saith, A prophet is not acceptable in his own country, neither doth a physician work cures upon them that know him."

Seventh Logion: "Jesus saith, A city built upon the top of a hill and stablished can neither fall nor be hid."

Eighth Logion: "Jesus saith, Thou hearest with one ear . . ."

See also


External links


The Catholic Encyclopedia-"Agrapha" - 1907, therefore free of copyright

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