|Regions with significant populations|
|Swahili Coast, parts of Arab world|
|Related ethnic groups|
Afro-Arabs are individuals and groups from Africa who are of partial Arab descent. Most Afro-Arabs inhabit the Swahili Coast in the African Great Lakes region, although some can also be found in parts of the Arab world.
In a political context, "Afro-Arab" may also refer to the African Union's efforts to improve cooperation between nations inside of non-Arab Africa and the Arab World countries of West Asia (Arab Middle East) and Arab Africa.
By around the 10th century CE, Arabs had established commercial settlements on the Swahili Coast. The Portuguese conquered these trading centers after the discovery of the Cape Road. From the 1700s to the early 1800s, Muslim forces of the Sultanate of Muscat reseized these market towns, especially on the islands of Pemba and Zanzibar. In these territories, the Oman Arabs mingled with the local negro populations, thereby establishing Afro-Arab communities. In the mid-to-late 1800s, Arab traders began to move into the interior, in pursuance of the ivory trade in central Africa.
In the Arab states of the Persian Gulf, descendants of people from the Swahili Coast perform traditional Liwa and Fann At-Tanbura music and dance. The mizmar is also performed by Afro-Arabs in the Tihamah and Hejaz regions of Saudi Arabia.
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- Hinde 1897, p. 3
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- Arab Slave Trade Afo-Arab relations and the Arab Slave Trade
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- Maho M. Sebiane, « Le statut socio-économique de la pratique musicale aux Émirats arabes unis : la tradition du leiwah à Dubai », Chroniques yéménites, 14, 2007..
- Afro-Arabian origins of the Early Yemenites and their Conquest and Settlement of Spain