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Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Afimoxifene is the active ingredient in a transdermal gel formulation developed by Ascend Therapeutics, Inc. under the trademark TamoGel.
A study in France on 55 women showed that rubbing afimoxifene on the skin was as good as tamoxifen tablets at slowing breast cancer growth. A US trial will compare 6 weeks use before breast cancer surgery. Skin application can reduce systemic levels by a factor of nine and this is expected to reduce the unpleasant side-effects of tamoxifen.
- "Statement on a nonproprietary name adopted by the USAN council: Afimoxifene" (PDF). American Medical Association. Retrieved 2008-03-26.
- Desta Z, Ward BA, Soukhova NV, Flockhart DA (2004). "Comprehensive evaluation of tamoxifen sequential biotransformation by the human cytochrome P450 system in vitro: prominent roles for CYP3A and CYP2D6". J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 310 (3): 1062–1075. doi:10.1124/jpet.104.065607. PMID 15159443.
- Mansel R, Goyal A, Nestour EL, Masini-Etévé V, O'Connell K (2007). "A phase II trial of Afimoxifene (4-hydroxytamoxifen gel) for cyclical mastalgia in premenopausal women". Breast Cancer Res. Treat. 106 (3): 389–397. doi:10.1007/s10549-007-9507-x. PMID 17351746.
- Hagan, Pat (6 Aug 2011). "Breast cancer gel shrinks tumours". Daily Mail. London.