Adurbad-i Mahrspandan

Ādurbād-ī Mahrspandān ("Ādurbād, son of Mahrspand") was a Zoroastrian high priest in the reign of the Sassanian king Shapur II (309–379 AD).[1]


In the Middle Persian Bundahishn, Adurbad's lineage is traced back to the legendary Dūrsarw, the son of Manuchihr. In Biruni's The Remaining Signs of Past Centuries, he also mentioned as the descendant of Dwsr. According to Zoroastrian traditions, a proof of the validity of his line of religious traditions was that he underwent the ordeal of molten bronize. That is metal was poured on his chest and he emerged as unscathed. According to Iranica, "In keeping with his religious zeal, Ādurbād was a force in the enactment and implementing of decrees against non-Zoroastrians; the established church is described as having then fallen on evil days, plagued by doubt and infidelity.".


Various andarz texts (collection of wise counsels) are attributed to him).[1] The Denkard ascribes admonitions to Adurbad; and an Arabic version of these admonitions occur in the work of Ebn Meskaway's al-Ḥekmat al-ḵāleda. Two groups of his counsels occur in extant Middle Persian text. The first group of counsels contain his addresses to his and is in part translated by Ebn Maskawayah in Arabic. The second group comprises his supposed deathbed utterances. A collection of questions addressed to him by a disciple and his responses are found in the Pahalvi Rivayat. A translation of some of the Middle Persian counsels exist in the book: R. C. Zaehner, The Teachings of the Magi, London, 1956.

Some Counsels

See also


External links

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