Adria Airways

Adria Airways
IATA ICAO Callsign
Founded 14 March 1961
Operating bases
Hubs Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport
Frequent-flyer program Miles & More
Airport lounge Senator Lounge
Alliance Star Alliance
Fleet size 16
Destinations 23
Company slogan Taking Off To The Future
Headquarters Zgornji Brnik, Cerklje na Gorenjskem, Slovenia
Key people Dr. Arno Schuster, CEO

Adria Airways d.d.,[1] formerly Inex-Adria Airways, is the largest airline in Slovenia. Today, the majority of Adria Airways' business is in scheduled flights. Adria operates to 22 scheduled destinations[2] throughout Europe. It has been a Star Alliance member since 2004 and a Lufthansa partner since 1996. IOSA Registration was received among the first airlines in the world.

The company’s head office is Ljubljana Airport in Zgornji Brnik, Cerklje na Gorenjskem, Slovenia, near Ljubljana. The company has also representative offices in Brussels, Moscow, Frankfurt, Zurich and sales agents in almost all European countries.

Adria Airways operates charter flights for the most part seasonally, and most frequently to destinations in the Mediterranean. Sharm el-Sheikh and Hurghada in Egypt are currently the only charter destinations served by Adria Airways all year round. Ad hoc charter flights are also provided.


1960s: Early years

Inex-Adria Douglas DC-6B at Le Bourget Airport (1971).

The airline was founded in March 1961 as Inex-Adria Aviopromet (Inex-Adria Airways). In August the company purchased 2 DC-6B from KLM and flew their first commercial flight with a Dutch crew. At the same time, the first Adria crew and technical teams were trained by JAT Yugoslav Airlines and the air force. Adria carried out its first flight with a domestic crew in December 1961. At the same time all other activities necessary for the company were set up and organised, from the commercial to the accounting department.[3][4]

During the following years Adria gradually acquired a market with tourist flights from Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and Scandinavia to airports on the Adriatic coast. In 1964 flights to the United States and Canada were added in order to meet the needs of expatriate organisations. Adria also carried out a considerable number of flights for the United Nations.

With the opening of the new airport in Ljubljana in 1964, Adria relocated its base from its previous headquarters in Zagreb.

The DC-6B aircraft gradually became non-competitive on the market. The company fell into a serious crisis in 1967, which ended with a bankruptcy procedure at 1968. After a compulsory settlement, Adria continued its operations largely thanks to the efforts of the president of the Slovenian Chamber of the Commerce and Industry of the time.

In December 1968 Adria merged with the Serbian company InterExport based in Belgrade and changed its name from Adria Aviopromet to Inex-Adria Aviopromet (Inex-Adria Airways). The fleet renewal began.

Inex-Adria Caravelle in 1972.

1970s: Jetliner introduction

In 1969 the first jet aircraft was purchased, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30 with 115 seats. Thus began a period of modernisation of the fleet, which allowed Adria to increase its share on the tourist flights market. In September 1969 the first scheduled service was established on the Ljubljana-Belgrade route. In March 1970, Adria had four Douglas DC-6B and a Douglas DC-9-30 with one more on order.[4][5]

Inex-Adria Douglas DC-9-33 at Frankfurt Airport in 1976.

Business saw a considerable increase. Adria, in addition to expanding the number of its own aircraft, occasionally also leased aircraft (Sud Aviation Caravelle, Douglas DC-8, BAC One-Eleven).

In 1972 Adria renewed its transatlantic flights to the United States and Canada with Douglas DC-8-55 aircraft. However, it withdrew from that service next year.

In late 1970s, Adria was awarded as most punctual carrier on the charter flight market. The greatest commercial successes of that period were achieved on the German market which was also the largest at that time, in a productive partnership with Grimex Company. The number of flights to Great Britain, France, Spain and Scandinavia also increased. During that period, Adria also introduced flights within Yugoslavia.

The company paid a great deal of attention to education. It founded a professional education centre and assisted in setting up an aviation course at the engineering faculty in Ljubljana. Special emphasis was given to the development of safety awareness, as three accidents occurred during the last decade.

1980s: Modernisation

Adria DHC-7 at Stuttgart Airport in 1989.

Inex-Adria Aviopromet (Inex-Adria Airways) entered the 1980s as a respectable company with confirmed success on the tourist market and scheduled internal flights.[6] In May 1981 Adria purchased 3 new McDonnell Douglas MD-80 aircraft. Unfortunately, one of them crashed into a mountain in Corsica in December, killing all aboard.

In 1982, Adria got a new leadership which focused on the education of the flight crews, technical staff and other professional personnel as well as on ensuring safety.

In that period, the business remained focused on charter flights to the Adriatic. Flights for guest workers in Germany and Switzerland, which were connected to internal flights, became an important part of the business. At the end of 1984 the first scheduled international flights was also established on the Ljubljana-Belgrade-Larnaca route.

Prospects for the development of air traffic were very good, so in 1984 Adria signed a contract for the purchase of 5 Airbus A320 aircraft.[7][8] Also two new Dash 7 aircraft were bought for the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo.[9]

Adria Airbus A320-231 at Manchester Airport in April 1990.

In December 1985 Adria had four McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30, two McDonnell Douglas DC-9-50, one McDonnell Douglas MD-81, three McDonnell Douglas MD-82 and two de Havilland Canada Dash 7 aircraft. A year later another MD-82 joined the fleet.[10][11]

Due to a commercial law restructuring programme, in 1986 Adria left the Inex group, becoming an independent company and changing its name to Adria Airways. Later, Adria became a member of IATA.

In 1989, the first new Airbus A320 arrived. It was 43rd A320 made by the Airbus and the first one to be powered by the new IAE Engines.

1990s: Becoming a scheduled airline

As Yugoslavia began to break up, the tourist industry on the Adriatic slumped, which was also felt by the air carriers. In September 1990, another two new Airbus A320 arrived. The last two were expected to arrive in June 1991. In December 1990, a referendum on the independence of Slovenia was held in which the overwhelming majority of Slovenian residents (around 89%) voted for the independence of Slovenia from Yugoslavia.

Independence was declared on 25 June 1991. Following that, Adria was facing an entirely new set of circumstances. On 28 June 1991, Yugoslav Federal Air Force attacked Adria’s hangar, causing serious damage to 4 aircraft, building and vehicles. An Airbus A320, less than a year old, was heavily damaged and was flown to Toulouse later that year for almost a year of repairs. In addition, two Dash-7 and 1 DC-9-30 were damaged as well, while other planes escaped damage after being flown just hours earlier to the nearest airport of Klagenfurt. Adria was very handicapped that year because of the insurance and registration issues.[4][12]

Adria Airways Airbus A320-231,
S5-AAB, at Frankfurt Airport.
(September 2003)

In 1991 Adria had 13 aircraft; three Airbus A320, four MD-82, one MD-81, three DC-9-30 and two Dash-7. An additional two Airbus A320 that had been ordered to be delivered in June 1991, were sold to other airlines.

Flights began in 1992, when Adria Airways re-established its activities on a truncated market. The majority of charter destinations from Western Europe to the Adriatic coast had become inaccessible as they were now situated on the territory of other countries. The fleet was too big, so many aircraft were leased out across the globe.

Adria Airways became Slovenia’s national air carrier and its operational structure changed. From being largely a charter airline it transformed itself into a scheduled operator. Adria began to set up a network of scheduled flights around Europe to serve the needs of an independent Slovenia. Later in 1992 the company joined the Amadeus global travel distribution system. A period of restructuring and rehabilitation of the company began.

In the next years, Airbus A320s were mainly leased out, as well as MD-82s. A MD-81 and a MD-82 were sold at 1994. The other three MD-82 and a DC-9-30 were sold at the end of 1995. As a part of the ownership restructuring of Adria Airways, in February 1996 the Government of Slovenia obtained a 100% share in the company.

In 1996, in line with administration’s rescue programme, a rehabilitation procedure was started the aim of which was to enable the company to run on market principles. The main emphasis was on the rationalization and modernization of the operations and the adaptation of the fleet to market requirements. The number of employees has been reduced from 931 to 618. In 1996, fleet consisted 3 Airbus A320 with 168 seats (at least 2 were leased out most of the time), 2 DC-9-30 with 105 seats and 2 Dash-7 with 46 seats. Adria started a corporation with the Lufthansa later in 1996.

Adria Airways Bombardier CRJ100LR,
S5-AAH, landing at Frankfurt Airport.
(June 2010)

In April 1997, Adria ordered two new Bombardier CRJ200LR planes with an option for one more. Planes were delivered in 1998 when 2 Dash-7 and 2 DC-9-30 left the fleet. Another CRJ200LR arrived in late 1998.[13] Bombardier CRJ200LR were chosen as the best option for flights operated from Ljubljana, which allowed for more flights to be flown directly and more frequent. CRJ200LR are in 48 seats configuration which give space for a larger baggage compartment needed for charters. In 1999 Adria’s fleet consisted of three Airbus A320, which were now operating back home, and three CRJ200LR.

In the late 1990s and early 2000s the airline head office was in Ljubljana.[14][15][16]

2000s: Getting on the new markets

Adria started to connect the Balkan cities with the western Europe via its hub Ljubljana in the late 1990s. Cities like Sarajevo, Skopje, Ohrid, Tirana were connected with Scandinavia, UK, Germany and France. After the Kosovo War ended in 1999, Adria was the first airline fly to Pristina at winter period in 1999.[17] In March 2000, the 4th new 48 seats Bombardier CRJ200LR arrived.[4]

Maribor, the second largest city in Slovenia was connected with Munich for a short period of time in the summer of 2000. There were 5 weekly flights around noon.

In 2001, Adria Airways recorded a large decrease in the number of annual passengers as a result of the September 11, 2001 attacks. In winter 2001-2002 Adria started flying in the EU market on the Vienna-Frankfurt route. In July 2002, Bombardier Aerospace selected Adria as the first authorised heavy maintenance facility for CRJ aircraft in Europe.

In the spring of 2003, Adria leased a Bombardier CRJ100LR with 50 seats from Bombardier; the lease lasted until January 2011. In August 2004, Adria was among the first airlines in the world to obtain an IOSA certificate. The 6th Bombardier CRJ200LR with 50 seats was leased from GECAS. On 18 November 2004, Adria Airways joined the Star Alliance.

Adria Airways leased Boeing 737-500,
UR-GAS, at London Gatwick Airport.
(April 2007)

In 2005, 7th brand new CRJ200LR with 50 seats was delivered to Adria. Adria ended with a loss of around €10 million and a new CEO was announced later in 2005. Tadej Tufek became a new CEO in 2006. 2 Boeing 737-500 (112 seats) aircraft were leased from Ukraine International Airlines and Cirrus Airlines to fill the gap between A320 (162 seats) and CRJ200 (48/50 seats). A Airbus A320 was leased to Afriqiyah Airways till the late 2009 while another Airbus A320 joined Afriqiyah in the winter 2006-2007 till the Summer 2008. In 2006, the company recorded a minimal profit and transported its first annual millionth passenger since the late 1980s.[4]

In 2007, Adria ordered 2 Bombardier CRJ900 which were delivered in May. During the Summer the fleet consisted of an Airbus A320 (162 seats), a Boeing 737-500 (112 seats) leased from Ukraine International Airlines, 2 Bombardier CRJ900LR (86 seats) and 7 Bombardier CRJ200LR (48/50 seats) aircraft. In November 2007 Adria announced to purchase a new CRJ1000 NextGen and 2 new CRJ900 NextGen aircraft. Adria ended year with a small profit.

In 2008 Adria converted its CRJ1000 NextGen order into 5th CRJ900 and made a loss of €3 million again.[18]

Adria Airways Bombardier CRJ900,
S5-AAK, at Frankfurt Airport.
(June 2011)

In March 2009, Adria Airways has signed a letter of intent with Airbus to purchase a new Airbus A319 aircraft. The management board planned to replace Airbus A320 fleet with new Airbus A319 aircraft. The seating configuration of the aircraft allows for 135 seats, which is economically efficient for the type of service operated by Adria Airways. Two Airbus A320 were sold to Myanmar Airways International in 2009, S5-AAC in October and S5-AAB in December.[4] In November 2009 new headquarters at Ljubljana Airport were opened. A loss of €14 million was made in 2009.[19]

2010s: Solving the crisis

Adria started a new decade with a huge accumulated loss. However, the future looked bright as two brand new A319 were planned to arrive in April 2010. In March 2010, Adria added Belgrade to its schedule, which was last operated prior to the disintegration of Yugoslavia. In April 2010, all operation was moved to Maribor, as Ljubljana airport was having its runway renovated.[20] Later that month, Adria like many other airlines in Europe, was grounded due to the eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland.

Adria took delivery of two new Airbus A319s[21] with a slight delay due to the volcanic eruption in April/May 2010.

Adria Airways Airbus A319 S5-AAR, at Frankfurt Airport

In June 2010, as a part of reorganisation of the company, Adria Tehnika and Adria Flight School were created as separate companies.[22]

New flights to Banja Luka [23] started in July, which were operated in co-operation with Sky Srpska. Flights ended a year later. Later that month, flights to Marseille were started, offering Turkish truck drivers a connection from Istanbul via Ljubljana. These flights were cancelled at the end of 2011. In the summer of 2010 Adria’s fleet consisted of an Airbus A320 (162 seats), 2 Airbus A319 (135 seats), 4 Bombardier CRJ900LR (86 seats) and 7 Bombardier CRJ200LR (48/50 seats) aircraft. On 11 September 2010, Airbus A320-231 (S5-AAA), was retired and is stored at Ljubjana Airport. With the beginning of the winter timetable, flights from Marseille were moved to Toluon. From December 10, 2010, Adria started serving new routes from Pristina, Kosovo. Destinations during the winter were Düsseldorf, Frankfurt and Munich.[24] During summer, Brussels, Copenhagen and Paris were added to those started in the winter season.

On January 14, 2011, CEO Tadej Tufek and Executive Director Marjan Ravnikar resigned because of bad results in their last years of leadership. Klemen Boštjančič became the new CEO, and a new Executive Director, Robert Vuga, was named. Adria sold its shares in Adria Tehnika, to Ljubljana Airport and to the Government, to cover part of the loss.[25]

In February 2011, CRJ100LR (S5-AAH) was retired and returned in August 2011 to Bombardier Capital. In March 2011, Adria celebrated its 50th anniversary. An exhibition in The National Museum of Contemporary History was made showing the history of Slovenian national carrier.[26] As a part of immediate actions by the new management, 2 new Airbus aircraft were leased. An Airbus A320-231 (S5-AAS, ex EI-DOD) is leased from April 2011 for 3.5 years.[27] It has 180 seats and is mostly operated on charter flights. At June, a second Airbus A320-211 (S5-AAT, ex CS-TNB) was supposed to be leased for 18 months but it was stored in October. It wore Adria retro colours from the 1960s. On January 26, 2012, S5-AAT was returned to the lessor GOAL which sold the aircraft.[28]

Adria Airways in retro colours

In summer 2011 Adria operated with 2 Airbus A320 (180/162 Seats), 2 Airbus A319 (135 Seats), 4 Bombardier CRJ900 (86 Seats) and 6 Bombardier CRJ200 (50/48 Seats). The 3rd Airbus A320 (S5-AAA) is still owned by Adria, but it is not operational and is stored at Ljubljana airport.

A total loss of €63,073,630 was made in 2010. The majority of the loss was due to revaluation of the fleet, which showed a decrease of €45,443,441 mainly because of poor market value for the CRJ200. Due to revaluation and accumulated losses, a financial restructuring plan was made in August. It involved the Government of Slovenia and the banks from which Adria had taken loans in the past years. According to the plan, the Government would invest €50 million and the banks would convert 25%-50% of the loans into equity. On 21 September 2011, Adria finalised the deal with the banks and the Government. Together Adria got €69,720,983 -- €50 million from the Government, the rest as converted through the loans-to-equity swap.

With the beginning of Winter 2011/12 timetable, Adria dropped flights to Banja Luka, London, Paris, Toulon and Warsaw. Also a Vienna-Frankfurt route was cancelled.

For the 2012 summer season, Adria returned to 3 seasonal destinations; Barcelona, London Luton and Manchester.

In August, Ljubljana Airport reported that it got a new airline to operate on London-Luton route and therefore Adria removed it from the winter and summer 2013 timetable.

on 24 September 2012, a leased Bomabrdier CRJ200LR registered S5-AAI was returned to lessor GECAS. Adria now operates five owned CRJ200LR planes and two owned CRJ900LR, two leased CRJ900LR(NextGen) planes and two leased Airbus A319 along with a bigger leased Airbus A320 for a total of 12 planes.

For the 2012/13 winter season the company operated nearly the same frequencies as in the last winter season and served the same destinations. The operational fleet was four CRJ900 and four CRJ200. The Airbus fleet operated on charters and would be leased out while the remaining CRJ200 would be used on ad-hoc charters (sport clubs, business/corporate, etc.) and as a back-up.

In spring of 2014 Adria began operating from Frankfurt to Tirana, Albania.

In the summer of 2015 Adria began operating from Maribor to London Southend Airport, England.[29]

2016: Privatisation of Adria Airways

In March 2016, 4K Invest, a Luxembourg-based restructuring fund, acquired 96% of Adria Airways' shares from the Slovene state.[30] The new owner appointed Arno Schuster as the CEO of Adria.[30]

Corporate affairs and identity


Adria's corporate headquarters are located on the grounds of Ljubljana Airport in Zgornji Brnik, Cerklje na Gorenjskem, Slovenia, near Ljubljana.[31][32] In 2008 the first stone to the new Adria headquarters was laid. In November 2009 Adria moved in around 300 employees and all of its departments. The previous building, in the city of Ljubljana, was built in the 1980s.[33] In the 1970s, Inex-Adria had its headquarters on the Ljubljana airport property like today.[34]

Brand history

The current Adria Airways visual identity was created in the late 1980s. The tail mark symbolizes a linden tree leaf, a national symbol of Slovenia.

Financial and operational results

Year Passengers Flights Load Factor(%) Revenue (€ millions) Net income (€ millions) Employees
2001 801,247 n/a n/a 109 0.670 n/a
2002 814,156 n/a n/a 118 0.501 n/a
2003 864,368 17,756 57.66 124 0.445 539
2004 884,861 18,741 57.95 136 0.177 552
2005 928,662 19,833 63.50 137 -9.572 543
2006 1,018,007 21,420 66.40 157 0.070 592
2007 1,136,431 23,727 67.10 182 0.425 679
2008 1,302,172 27,183 65.60 207 -3.240 719
2009 1,143,542 26,133 63.30 164 -13.991 705
2010 1,170,235 25,124 66.50 149.703 -63.073 452
2011 1,163,016 24,480 63.05 159.875 -12.031 450
2012 987,279 20,863 68.99 150.331 -10.801 405
2013 1,026,839 19,509 73.16 146.701 -2.874 375
2014 1,111,762 19,123 71.00 150.000 0.900 370
2015 Jan-Sept 1,090,034 / 69.00 / / 413


In addition to its main operation, Adria has several subsidiaries, including:

Adria Airways Tehnika

Adria Airways Tehnika is a maintenance organisation based at Ljubljana Airport. It is the line and base maintenance provider for Adria Airways also a base maintenance is provided to Air Berlin, SAS Scandinavian Airlines, Air Méditerranée, Brit Air and many others.[35]

Before September 2002 sporadic third party maintenance was provided for some aircraft at the site. It was the first recognized service facility for the CRJ100/200/700/900 in Europe. In mid-2005 a partnership was formed with Air France Industries to perform A & C checks on aircraft of the A320 family. In 2010 Adria Airwarys Tehnika was established as a separate company, employing around 250 employees. With two hangars they can service from 2 to 5 aircraft depending on their size.


Adria Airways destinations.
  Adria Airways destinations
  Adria Airways Charter destinations

In Summer 2015, Adria Airways operates to 22 scheduled destinations from Ljubljana, 3 from Pristina, 4 from Tirana and 2 from Łódź.[38] The company also operates to 2 regular charter destinations from Ljubljana and 3 from Pristina.

Codeshare agreements

Adria Airways has codeshare agreements with the following airlines:[39]


The Adria Airways fleet comprises the following aircraft (as of August 2016):[40]

Adria Airways Fleet
Aircraft In fleet Orders Passengers[nb 1] Notes
Airbus A319-100 3 144
Bombardier CRJ200LR 1 48 in Star Alliance livery
Bombardier CRJ701ER 2 70
Bombardier CRJ900ER 4 86
Bombardier CRJ900LR 6 86
Total 16
  1. Number of Business and Economy seats varies according to demand

Incidents and accidents


  1. "Information » Adria Airways - The Airline of Slovenia". Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  2. "Airline Information - Adria Airways". ch-aviation GmbH. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  3. Adria Airways In-Flight Magazine p31
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Information » Adria Airways - The Airline of Slovenia". Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  5. Adria Airways In-Flight Magazine p33
  6. Adria Airways In-Flight Magazine p35
  7. "Mitterrand backs A320". 14 January 1984. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  8. "Flight International December 1987". Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  9. "Flight International February 1984". Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  10. "Flight International December 1985". Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  11. "Flight International December 1987". Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  12. Adria Airways In-Flight Magazine p37
  13. "Flight International November 1997". Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  14. "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 18–24 March 1998. 37. "Kuzmiceva 7, Ljubljana. 1000, Slovenia"
  15. Home page. Adria Airways. 31 January 1997. Retrieved on 7 February 2011. "Kuzmiceva 7, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia."
  16. "Contact Us." Adria Airways. 3 October 2003. Retrieved on 7 February 2011. "Adria Airways d.d Kuzmičeva 7 1000 Ljubljana Slovenia"
  17. Adria Airways Winter 1999-2000 Timetable
  18. "Adria Airways Annual Report 2008". Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  19. "Adria Airways Annual Report 2009". Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  20. "Ljubljana Airport will close to all traffic for runway renovation between 7 and 21 April 2010". Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  21. "Aviation news, April 30, 2010". Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  22. "Adria Airways News June 2, 2010". Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  23. "News » Adria Airways - The Airline of Slovenia". Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  24. "News » Adria Airways - The Airline of Slovenia". Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  25. "News » Adria Airways - The Airline of Slovenia". Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  26. Archived October 15, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  27. "News » Adria Airways - The Airline of Slovenia". Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  28. "GOAL - operating aircraft leasing". Archived from the original on 2011-10-20. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  30. 1 2 "Majority share takeover of Adria Airways d.d. completed". Retrieved 2016-04-06.
  31. "Contacts." Adria Airways. Retrieved on 22 September 2010. "Adria Airways d.d. Zgornji Brnik 13h SI-4210 Brnik Slovenia."
  32. "Where can you find us." (Archive) Adria Airways. Retrieved on 22 September 2010.
  33. "Profil podjetja." Adria Airways. Retrieved on 19 February 2012.
  34. "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 26 March 1970. 484. "Head Office: Ljubljana Airport, Jugoslavia."
  35. 1 2 "Adria Tehnika". Adria Tehnika. Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  36. Archived June 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  37. 1 2
  38. "Vozni red". Retrieved 1 October 2014.
  39. "Profile on Adria Airways". CAPA. Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on 2016-11-01. Retrieved 2016-11-01.
  40. "Global Airline Guide 2016 (Part Two)". Airliner World (November 2016): 31.
  41. "ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas DC-9-32 YU-AJO Praha-Ruzyne International Airport (PRG)". Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  42. "ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas DC-9-31 YU-AJR Vrbovec". Retrieved 2012-09-25.
  43. "ASN Aircraft accident McDonnell Douglas DC-9-81 YU-ANA". Retrieved 2013-01-13.

External links

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