Adaptations of A Christmas Carol

A Christmas Carol, the popular 1843 novella by Charles Dickens (1812–1870), is one of the celebrated British author's best-known books. It is the story of Ebenezer Scrooge, a greedy miser who hates Christmas, but is transformed into a caring, kindly person through the visitations of four ghosts. The classic work has been dramatized and adapted countless times for virtually every medium and performance genre, and new versions appear regularly.


Public readings

The novel was the subject of Dickens' first public reading, given in Birmingham Town Hall to the Industrial and Literary Institute on 27 December 1852. This was repeated three days later to an audience of 'working people', and was a great success by his own account and that of newspapers of the time. Over the years, Dickens edited and adapted the piece for a listening, rather than reading, audience. Excerpts from 'A Christmas Carol' remained part of Dickens' public readings until his death.

Several performers, including American entertainer Mike Randall and Australian actor Phil Zachariah,[1][2] tour shows in which they perform the public readings in character as Dickens.




Replica tombstone from the 1984 adaptation, still in situ at St Chad's Church, Shrewsbury, 2008

Between 1944 and 1956, most television versions of the story were staged live.

None of the later versions were done live, but were either shot on videotape or filmed. They include:




Bilingual editions

Graphic novel


Pastiches, continuations, and other uses

The basic plot of A Christmas Carol has been put to a variety of different literary and dramatic uses since Dickens' death.


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  2. "Dickens On Tour". Retrieved 2015-12-14.
  3. A Christmas Carol - Glendale Centre Theatre website
  4. A Christmas Carol (2014) - Guthrie Theater website
  5. "Why A Christmas Carol is as much as tradition for the cast as it is for the audience: 'A Christmas card to Atlanta' - Encore Atlanta: Atlanta's Performing Arts Publication". Archived from the original on 2014-10-06. Retrieved 2014-09-30.
  6. Philip Fisher (2005). "Reviews: A Christmas Carol (Albery Theatre)". The British Theatre Guide. Retrieved 2009-02-19.
  7. "One man takes on Dickens classic". Retrieved 2013-05-19.
  8. "OBSP's A Christmas Carol (2010)". Archived from the original on 2010-03-18.
  9. "The Pantaloons official website". Archived from the original on 2010-10-10.
  10. "Triad Stage's A Christmas Carol (2010)".
  11. "A Christmas Carol Musical". Retrieved 2013-05-19.
  12. "2011–12 Winners". Critics' Awards for Theatre in Scotland. Retrieved 30 October 2015.
  13. "3 Ghosts Tickets and Showtimes". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-05-19.
  14. "PiPe Dream Theatre official website".
  15. Porteous, Jacob (September 1, 2015). "Academy Award-Winning Jim Broadbent Makes West End Return In A Christmas Carol". London Theatre Direct. Retrieved September 12, 2015.
  16. Heymont, George (29 January 2016). "Rule Britannia!". Huffington Post. Retrieved 30 September 2016.
  17. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Andrews, Dale (24 December 2013). "Dickens' A Christmas Carol – at the Movies". Literary History. St. Louis: SleuthSayers.
  19. Scrooge (1935) at the Internet Movie Database
  20. "Critics' Picks: 'A Christmas Carol' - Video". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-05-19.
  21. "Tiny Tim Comes to Television", New York Times, Dec. 24, 1944, p. 35.
  22. IMDB entry
  23. "Mr-Magoo-s-Christmas-Carol - Trailer - Cast - Showtimes -". Retrieved 2014-11-30.
  24. A Christmas Carol (1969) (TV) at the Internet Movie Database
  25. A Christmas Carol (1977) (TV) at the Internet Movie Database
  26. The Stingiest Man in Town at the Internet Movie Database
  27. Bayard, Louis (2009-12-24). "The Best "Christmas Carol" Ever". Retrieved 2012-11-30.
  28. "Patrick Stewart". IMDb. Retrieved 2014-09-30.
  29. "A Guide to Christmas Carol Adaptations". January 16, 2010.
  30. A Sesame Street Christmas Carol at the Internet Movie Database
  31. "On the Air Today", The Washington Post, Dec. 25, 1934, p. 21. "Nash-LaFayette Radio Program" (advertisement), New York Times, Dec. 25, 1934, p. 32.
  32. Lionel Collapses, But a Barrymore Acts as 'Scrooge'", The Washington Post, Dec. 26, 1936, p. X1.
  33. "Listen! with Glyn" (advertisement), The Washington Post, Dec. 20, 1940, p. 36.
  34. "You Don't Play Scrooge You Just Ain't Workin'", The Washington Post, Dec. 23, 1953, p. 46.
  35. "Basil". 1952-03-23. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
  37. "radio plays, drama, bbc, Saturday Playhouse, 1990-1998, DIVERSITY website". Retrieved 2014-09-30.
  38. "The Paley Center for Media". The Paley Center for Media. Retrieved 2014-09-30.
  39. "PRX » Piece » A CHRISTMAS CAROL (A Ghost Story for Christmas)". PRX - Public Radio Exchange. Retrieved 2014-09-30.
  40. "The Paley Center for Media". The Paley Center for Media. Retrieved 2014-09-30.
  41. - 09:45 (2008-12-26). "Radio 4 Programmes – Book at Bedtime: A Christmas Carol". BBC. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
  44. "Christmas Carol & Mr Pickwick's Christmas: Charles Dickens, Hanns Eisler, Victor Young, Ronald Colman, Charles Laughton: Music". Retrieved 2010-08-23.
  45. "Toscanini Reconsiders Retirement, Takes Up Baton for Another Season". Tennessee, Kingsport. Kingsport Times. November 2, 1941. p. 19. Retrieved January 19, 2016 via
  46. "A Christmas carol". Retrieved 2014-09-30.
  47. Billboard. Retrieved 2014-09-30.
  48. "Caedmon Records version".
  49. "A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens". Retrieved 2013-05-19.
  50. " A Christmas Carol (Reissue) (9780743563796): Charles Dickens, Patrick Stewart: Books". Retrieved 2014-09-30.
  51. Dickens, Charles, and Jim Dale. A Christmas Carol. New York: Random House/Listening Library, 2003. ISBN 978-1-4000-8603-0
  52. "A Christmas Carol (an unabridged reading by Tom Baker): Charles Dickens, Tom Baker: 9781471310386: Books". Retrieved 2014-09-30.
  54. "A Christmas Carol – Thea Musgrave, composer". 1981-12-16. Retrieved 2010-08-23.
  55. An American Christmas Carol at the Internet Movie Database
  56. Skinflint: A Country Christmas Carol at the Internet Movie Database
  57. "A Jetson Christmas Carol " at the Internet Movie Database
  58. "Ebenezer Sanford (#5.12)" at the Internet Movie Database
  59. ""Scrooge Blues" and "Not So Tiny Tim"".
  60. "Scrooge Blues".
  61. 1 2 Belkin, Douglas (2010-12-18), "BaQa'—or Is It Humbug? Aliens Attack a Holiday Classic", The Wall Street Journal, New York, NY, U.S.A.: Dow Jones & Company, ISSN 0099-9660, archived from the original on 2010-12-19, retrieved 2010-12-19, The arc of "A Klingon Christmas Carol" follows the familiar Dickens script: An old miser is visited on a hallowed night by three ghosts who shepherd him through a voyage of self-discovery. The narrative has been rejiggered to match the Klingon world view.
  62. Klingon Christmas Carol brought to the stage, The Telegraph, 2010-12-21, accessed 2010-12-23.
  63. "OBSP's A Christmas Carol (2010)". Archived from the original on 2010-12-12.
  64. Boedeker, Hal (October 18, 2013). "Is Kelly Clarkson playing Scrooge for NBC?". Orlando Sentinel. Tribune Company. Retrieved 2013-10-26.

Further reading

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