The Achirvati was also known as the Ajiravati or the Airavati. The Chinese pilgrim Yuan Chwang knew it as A-chi-lo. Jain texts mention it as Eravai.
The ancient city of Sravasti, once capital of Kosala Kingdom, stood on the western bank of the Achirvati. It was a tributary of the Sarayu. It was one of the five great rivers that constituted the Ganges group of rivers. It was one of the sacred rivers of the Buddhist midland.