Academic grading in Romania

In Romanian primary schools, a 4-point grading scale is used:

In secondary schools, high schools, and universities, a 10-point scale is used, 5 being the minimum grade for passing.

Grade Description Equivalents
10 excellent high level of command of all aspects no or only a few minor weaknesses A
9 very good high level of command of most aspects only minor weaknesses A-
8 good major level of command small weaknesses B
7 satisfactory fair level of command some weaknesses C
6 fair level of command significant weaknesses
5 sufficient the minimum requirements for acceptance E
4 insufficient almost sufficient, not acceptable Fx
3 poor performance rudimentary knowledge of the subject F
2 very poor performance no knowledge of the subject
1 academic dishonesty awarded for academic dishonesty (cheating) and given as a starting point

Specifications such as + and −, half grades, and grades like 6/7 are sometimes used. Note that the grades used in primary school are derived from this scale, with Insufficient meaning "4 or less", and the other grades standing for 5-6, 7-8 and 9-10 respectively. A 10 is not an uncommon grade, especially in low-interest subjects. A 9 is usually considered an excellent grade. The average grade ranges between 7 and 8. A very poor performance is usually awarded a 3 or 4, while a 1 is often reserved for cases of academic dishonesty or some other unacceptable behavior. Grades with 2 decimal digits can also be awarded, e.g. 7.38 means "'very' satisfactory", although in the register (catalog, where grades are written) the grade will be rounded. Grades with 2 decimal digits can also be awarded in certificates of final examinations in secondary schools, but in that case, they are not rounded.

The same system (10-point scale) is used in Moldova, Finland and Vietnam, including in primary school.[1]


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