Abucay, Bataan


Map of Bataan showing the location of Abucay
Location within Bataan province

Location within the Philippines

Coordinates: 14°44′N 120°32′E / 14.73°N 120.53°E / 14.73; 120.53Coordinates: 14°44′N 120°32′E / 14.73°N 120.53°E / 14.73; 120.53
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Bataan
District 1st District
Founded 1587
Barangays 9 (see Barangays)
  Type Sangguniang Bayan
  Mayor Liberato P. Santiago, Jr. (NUP)
  Vice Mayor Khristine G. Dela Fuente (NUP)
  Total 79.72 km2 (30.78 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
  Total 39,880
  Density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
  Voter(2016)[4] 25,318
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2114
IDD:area code +63(0)47
Income class 3rd class
PSGC 030801000

Abucay, officially the Municipality of Abucay (Filipino: Bayan ng Abucay), is a municipality in the province of Bataan in the Central Luzon (Region III) of the Philippines. The population was 39,880 at the 2015 census.[3] In the 2016 election, it had 25,318 registered voters.[4]

The mainly agricultural and fishing town is situated on the northeastern portion of the Bataan Peninsula, along Manila Bay, with a total land area of 79.72 square kilometres (30.78 sq mi).[5] It is 116 kilometres (72 mi) from Manila, accessible via the Bataan Provincial Expressway, off Exit 25, or the parallel National Road in Bataan. Its westernmost elevated section is located within the Bataan National Park.


Abucay originated from abu-kinaykay meaning "digging the ashes or fire debris". A Spaniard arrived in the town amid a big fire that destroyed properties. The natives were busy digging the debris with shovel ("kinaykay").[6]


The first printing press in the Archipelago was found in this town. Tomas Pinpin, the first Filipino printer, learned the art from Fray Francisco Blanca de San Jose and Juan de Vera, a Chinese printer at the University of Santo Tomas.

On June 23, 1647, a fierce battle was fought between the Dutch invaders and the Pampango defenders in the near the Abucay church area. Nearly 200 Pampangos were put to death and 40 others together with Pampanga’s Spanish alcalde mayor (town mayor) Antonio de Cabrera together with Dominican priests Father Geronimo Sotomayor and Father Tomas Ramos were taken to Batavia.[7]


Abucay is located at 14°44′N 120°32′E / 14.73°N 120.53°E / 14.73; 120.53, in the north-eastern section of the Bataan peninsula.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 79.72 square kilometres (30.78 sq mi)[2] constituting 5.81% of the 1,372.98-square-kilometre- (530.11 sq mi) total area of Bataan.

Topography of Abucay varies from the mountainous terrain of Mount Natib caldera in the west to the coastal areas of the province along the shore of Manila Bay. Six rivers with a combined length of 37 kilometres (23 mi) originate from the mountain flowing in the west-to-east direction.[6]

Secondary forests cover the western mountainous portion which is nearly 38% of Abucay's land area.


Abucay is politically subdivided into 9 barangays.[5]

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[8]
030801001 Bangkal 1.7% 695 634 +1.76%
030801002 Calaylayan (Poblacion) 12.1% 4,833 4,391 +1.84%
030801003 Capitangan 16.9% 6,742 6,041 +2.11%
030801004 Gabon 13.6% 5,405 5,241 +0.59%
030801006 Laon (Poblacion) 5.8% 2,303 2,245 +0.49%
030801007 Mabatang 23.0% 9,165 8,571 +1.28%
030801008 Omboy 7.9% 3,149 3,219 −0.42%
030801010 Salian 8.0% 3,199 2,885 +1.99%
030801011 Wawa (Poblacion) 11.0% 4,389 4,492 −0.44%
Total 39,880 37,719 +1.07%


Population census of Abucay
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 26,708    
1995 29,270+1.73%
2000 31,801+1.79%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2007 38,554+2.69%
2010 37,719−0.79%
2015 39,880+1.07%
Source: PSA[3][8][9]

In the 2015 census, Abucay had a population of 39,880.[3] The population density was 500 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,300/sq mi).

In the 2016 election, it had 25,318 registered voters.[4]

Most of the people of Abucay speak the Tagalog language. Kapampangans who speak a different dialect of the Kapampangan language abound in Barangay Mabatang.


Bamboos for mussel culture

Abucay is basically an agricultural and fishing town. Besides Manila Bay, existing fishponds cover an area of 1,521 hectares (3,760 acres) of which 319 hectares (790 acres) are under intensive use while the rest are non-functioning but available for utilization. These fishponds are rich with commercial species like milkfish, tilapia, pla-pla and shrimps.

Agricultural lands in Abucay produces rice, corn, root crops, legumes, vegetable and various kinds of fruits as well as forest-grown bamboo and buho.[6] Most of the walis tambo (local brooms) sold in Baguio City come from Abucay.


Town hall

The political seat of the municipal government is located at the Municipal Hall (also called Town Hall).[10][11] During the Spanish colonial period, the Gobernadorcillo was the chief executive who held office at the town hall, then called the Presidencia.

During the American period from 1898–1946, the elected Mayor and local officials, including the appointed ones hold office at the Municipal Town Hall. The executive and legislative departments perform their functions at the Sangguniang Bayan (Session Hall) and Municipal Trial Court, respectively, which are located at the Municipal Hall.

Abucay's incumbent elected officials are Mayor Ana D. Santiago (NPC) and Vice Mayor Ma. Khristine G. Dela Fuente (Lakas-Kampi-CMD).[12] The eight (8) Sangguniang Bayan members led by the Vice-Mayor hold office at the Abucay Sangguniang Bayan Session Hall.


Universities and colleges


Electric power for Abucay is served by the Peninsula Electric Cooperative (PENELCO).

A 10-hectare (25-acre) sanitary landfill in Sitio Macao in Barangay Capitangan is the first of its kind in the province of Bataan.[15]


Saint Dominic de Guzman Parish Church
Main article: Abucay Church
Parish Church of Saint Dominic de Guzman

One of the oldest in the Philippines, the first Abucay Church was established in 1587 and was administered by the Dominicans in 1588. The present church was built sometime in the early 1600s, the exact year is still unknown. The Church was badly damaged by the earthquake of September 16, 1852 and again by a fire in 1870. Father Jose Diego Pelaez rebuilt the church.

The church still houses the bells donated in 1839 and 1859.[7] The five bells of the Abucay Church were restored on January 17, 1978 by U.S. Naval Base Facility in Subic Bay, Zambales province according to a historical marker in the church.

The Parish of Saint Dominic de Guzman has a population of 19,501 Catholics. Its patron saint is Saint Dominic de Guzman and the town's feast day is August 8. The present parish priest is Msgr. Victor C. Ocampo succeeding Father Antonio Quintos in 2011.[16][17][18] The church belongs to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Balanga under the Vicariate of Saint Dominic de Guzman.[17][19][20]

Other attractions

Landmarks include the following:



  1. "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. 1 2 "Province: Bataan". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 11 November 2016.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 "Region III (CENTRAL LUZON)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. 1 2 3 "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016.
  5. 1 2 "Municipal: Abucay, Bataan". PSA. Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  6. 1 2 3 "Abucay, Bataan - Discover Bataan Peninsula". My Bataan. Retrieved on 2014-12-25.
  7. 1 2 admin (2012-06-25). "Abucay Church (Parish of St. Dominic de Guzman), Bataan". Philippine Churches. Retrieved on 2014-12-18.
  8. 1 2 "Region III (CENTRAL LUZON)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  9. "Region III (CENTRAL LUZON)". Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007): Total Population by Province, City and Municipality (Report). NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011.
  10. "Philippines: Gov.Ph: About the Philippines". Gov.ph. Archived from the original on 2009-01-22. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
  11. "The Local Government Code Of The Philippines - Chan Robles Virtual Law Library". Chanrobles.com. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  12. "2013 Candidates in Abucay | List of Candidates for Abucay, Bataan". Know Your Candidates. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  13. Sibug, Fr. Joemar L. (2008-02-17). "An emerging university town in Abucay, Bataan" Archived March 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Inquirer.net, Philippine News for Filipinos.
  14. "College of Business and Accountancy". Bpsu.edu.ph. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  15. "Abucay town builds first sanitary landfill in Bataan | Breaking News, Other Sections, Home". Philstar.com. 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  16. "Newlyordained". Balangadiocese.com. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  17. 1 2 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-09-06. Retrieved 2013-01-27.
  18. "Santo Domingo Church – Abucay, Bataan". Mybataan.com. 2008-11-08. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  19. "ParishesV1". Balangadiocese.com. Retrieved 2016-11-11.
  20. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-17. Retrieved 2013-01-27.

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