He was a contemporary of Rudaki, and wrote three mathnavis, the work Āfarin nama (written in 944) among them. Only one hundred ninety-two scraps of his verses remain today.
- E.G. Browne. Literary History of Persia. (Four volumes, 2,256 pages, and twenty-five years in the writing). 1998. ISBN 0-7007-0406-X
- Jan Rypka, History of Iranian Literature. Reidel Publishing Company. ASIN B-000-6BXVT-K