Abdominal surgery

The term abdominal surgery broadly covers surgical procedures that involve opening the abdomen. Surgery of each abdominal organ is dealt with separately in connection with the description of that organ (see stomach, kidney, liver, etc.) Diseases affecting the abdominal cavity are dealt with generally under their own names (e.g. appendicitis).


The most common abdominal surgeries are described below.


Complications of abdominal surgery include, but are not limited to:

Sterile technique, aseptic post-operative care, antibiotics, and vigilant post-operative monitoring greatly reduce the risk of these complications. Planned surgery performed under sterile conditions is much less risky than that performed under emergency or unsterile conditions. The contents of the bowel are unsterile, and thus leakage of bowel contents, as from trauma, substantially increases the risk of infection.

Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Abdominal surgery.

See also


  1. Broek R, Issa Y, Van Santbrink E, Bouvy N, et al. (2013). "Burden of adhesions in abdominal and pelvic surgery: systematic review and met-analysis". BMJ. 347: f5588. doi:10.1136/bmj.f5588.
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