For other uses, see Abasha (disambiguation).

Abasha's main street



Location in Georgia

Coordinates: 42°12′N 42°13′E / 42.200°N 42.217°E / 42.200; 42.217Coordinates: 42°12′N 42°13′E / 42.200°N 42.217°E / 42.200; 42.217
Country  Georgia
Region Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
Elevation 23 m (75 ft)
Population (2014)[1]
  Total 4,941
Website abasha.ge

Abasha (Georgian: აბაშა) is a town in western Georgia with a population of 4,941.[1] It is situated between the rivers of Abasha and Noghela, at 23m above sea level and is located some 283 km (176 mi) to the west of Tbilisi. The settlement of Abasha acquired the status of a town in 1964 and currently functions as an administrative center of the Abasha District within the Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti region. The headquarters of the Georgian Orthodox Eparchy of Chkondidi is also located in Abasha.

The modern history of Abasha is primarily associated with a resonant Soviet-era economic experiment introduced by the Georgian Communist party chief Eduard Shevardnadze in the 1970s. In 1971, Shevardnadze grouped all regional agricultural institutions, including the kolkhoz, into a single management association. At the same time, those who worked on the land received material and financial preference. The move facilitated local initiative and coordination and led to a rapid increase in agricultural production in the previously very poor Abasha District. It had been the first private enterprise in the Soviet Union since Lenin. Early in the 1980s, the "Abasha experiment" was expanded, with varying degrees of success, to other regions of Georgia.[2]

People from Abasha

Abasha District


  1. 1 2 "Population Census 2014". www.geostat.ge. National Statistics Office of Georgia. November 2014. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
  2. Suny, Ronald Grigor (1994), The Making of the Georgian Nation: 2nd edition, page 312. Indiana University Press, ISBN 0-253-20915-3

External links

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