A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder
|A Gentleman's Guide to Love & Murder|
Robert L. Freedman|
|Book||Robert L. Freedman|
Israel Rank: The Autobiography of a Criminal|
by Roy Horniman
2013 San Diego
2015 US Tour
A Gentleman's Guide to Love & Murder is a musical comedy, with the book and lyrics by Robert L. Freedman and the music and lyrics by Steven Lutvak. It is based on the 1907 novel Israel Rank: The Autobiography of a Criminal by Roy Horniman. The show opened on Broadway at the Walter Kerr Theatre November 17, 2013, running until January 17, 2016. The Broadway production won four Tonys at the 68th Tony Awards in June 2014, including Best Musical.
The novel was also the source for the 1949 British film Kind Hearts and Coronets; however, apparently for legal reasons, that title was not permitted to be used.
A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder premiered at the Hartford Stage, Hartford, Connecticut, running in October through November 2012, with direction by Darko Tresnjak. The cast featured Jefferson Mays, Ken Barnett and Lisa O'Hare. The musical is a co-production of the Hartford Stage and the Old Globe Theatre.
The musical then opened at the Old Globe Theatre, San Diego, California in March 2013. Directed by Darko Tresnjak, the cast featured Jefferson Mays, Ken Barnett and Lisa O’Hare.
The musical opened on Broadway at the Walter Kerr Theatre on November 17, 2013 after previews from October 22, 2013 with direction by Darko Tresnjak and choreography by Peggy Hickey. The production closed on January 17, 2016. The original cast featured Jefferson Mays (who would stay with the production for its entire run), Lisa O'Hare, Lauren Worsham, and Bryce Pinkham. Jefferson Mays plays eight roles, all of the D’Ysquith family. Its capitalization cost was $7.5 million, and in April 2015 the producers announced the recoupment of its entire Broadway production capitalization.
A group dressed in mourning enter and advise "those of you of weaker constitution" to leave the theatre, as the show may prove disturbing ("Prologue: A Warning to the Audience").
In 1909, Lord Montague "Monty" D'Ysquith Navarro, Ninth Earl of Highhurst, is in jail. He says that he is writing his memoirs on the eve of his possible execution, and that his story could be called "A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder."
In 1907, Monty is living in a shabby Clapham flat and his mother, a washerwoman, has just died. Miss Marietta Shingle, a mysterious old woman, arrives to tell Monty that his mother was in fact a member of the aristocratic D'Ysquith family. Isobel D'Ysquith had eloped with a Spanish musician (now also deceased), which caused her family to disinherit and disown her. Wishing to spare her son any shame, Isobel never told him the truth of his ancestry. Now, Miss Shingle says, Monty is ninth in line to inherit the earldom of Highhurst. She insists that he take his rightful place in the family ("You're A D'Ysquith"). Monty writes a letter to Lord Asquith D'Ysquith, Sr., the head of the D'Ysquith family banking house, explaining his connection to the family and inquiring if there might be a job available for him.
Monty is in love with Miss Sibella Hallward, but she will not marry him due to his poverty ("I Don't Know What I'd Do"). Sibella has also drawn the attention of another gentleman of higher status, Lionel Holland. She dubiously accepts Monty’s story about his lineage, but remarks that eight people would have to die in order for him to become earl.
Monty receives a reply from Lord Asquith's son, Asquith D'Ysquith, Jr., denying Isobel's existence and warning Monty against contacting the family again or using their name. Monty is dejected, but refuses to accept his apparent destiny as a poor commoner ("Foolish to Think"). He takes a tour of Highhurst Castle, the D'Ysquiths' ancestral home, on Visitor's Day, where the spirits of his D'Ysquith ancestors admonish him that he does not belong there ("A Warning to Monty"). Lord Adalbert D'Ysquith, the current Earl of Highhurst, catches Monty looking around the ancestral library and drives him out, expressing his disdain for the commoners flooding his home ("I Don't Understand the Poor").
Monty decides to try his luck with the clergyman in the family, a dithering old man named Reverend Lord Ezekial D'Ysquith. The Reverend gives Monty a tour of the ancestral family church. He remembers Isobel as a charming girl who broke her father's heart, but refuses to advocate on Monty's behalf, believing that it is best to avoid family intrigue. Monty and the Reverend ascend the bell tower, where the Reverend nearly loses his balance, thanks to a gusty wind and his own inebriation. Monty realizes how easy it would be to let the Reverend fall, exacting revenge for his mother and bringing him one step closer to the earldom ("Foolish to Think (Reprise)"). Rather than assisting the Reverend to safety, Monty lets Reverend Lord Ezekial fall to his death.
Monty returns to his dead-end job as a clerk, frustrated that he toils away while unworthy men grow rich, including Asquith D'Ysquith, Jr. He observes Asquith, Jr. and his mistress Miss Evangeline Barley, a recent Florodora girl, steal away to a winter resort. Monty follows them with the intention of poisoning Asquith, Jr., but is unable to get close enough to deliver the poison. Asquith, Jr. and Miss Barley go ice-skating on a frozen lake, and Monty is struck by inspiration. He cuts a hole in the ice, and the skaters fall through and drown ("Poison in My Pocket").
Monty returns to London and receives a letter from Lord Asquith D'Ysquith, Sr., apologizing for the tone of his son’s letter and inviting Monty to the bank to speak about a job. He is grief-stricken by his son's death in the skating "accident," and offers Monty a comfortable salary and a job as a stockbroker. Monty accepts.
Sibella informs Monty that she is engaged to marry Lionel Holland. Upon learning of Monty's new position and income, she begins to reconsider, but forces herself to go through with marrying Lionel ("Poor Monty").
Monty now fixes on his distant cousin Henry D'Ysquith, a country squire. He encounters Henry in a town pub and rescues him from an assault by a foreclosed-on tenant. Henry is married but clearly prefers the company of men; Monty picks up on this and befriends him ("Better With a Man"). Henry is also an avid beekeeper, and tells Monty that a person can be killed by an excess of bee-stings. Monty obtains a bottle of lavender perfume, to which the bees are extraordinarily attracted. At the D'Ysquith country estate in Salisbury, Monty douses Henry's beekeeping clothes with the lavender, and introduces himself to Henry's sister, Miss Phoebe D'Ysquith. As she and Monty discover their similarities, Henry is stung to death ("Inside Out"). Monty consoles Phoebe, and concludes that since he cannot be with Sibella, she would be the perfect woman to be his countess when he becomes earl. As a woman about his own age, she does not stand before him in the line of succession, and is highly sympathetic to the plight of his mother.
There are other women who do come before Monty in the lineage, including Lady Hyacinth D'Ysquith, an unmarried woman of a certain age, who devotes herself to philanthropic causes, primarily with the aim of bolstering her own social position. Posing as a member of the Foreign Office, Monty encourages Lady Hyacinth to travel first to war-torn Egypt, then to a leper colony in India, in order to dispose of her. She returns unharmed both times, before Monty sends her to an African jungle where a cannibal tribe lives. Lady Hyacinth is reported missing and presumed dead ("Lady Hyacinth Abroad").
Monty proves a talented stockbroker, securing a significant salary increase and praise from Lord Asquith D'Ysquith, Sr. ("The Last One You'd Expect - Part I"). His romance with Sibella continues despite her marriage and it is clear that she is impressed by Monty's determination to succeed ("The Last One You'd Expect - Part III").
Monty's next target is Major Lord Bartholomew D'Ysquith, a staunch eugenicist, vegetarian and bodybuilder. He encounters Lord Bartholomew at a weight-lifting hall and charms his way into acting as the Major's spotter on the bench-press apparatus. Pretending to misunderstand his cries for help, Monty adds more weight than Bartholomew can hold, and then allows the barbell to fall and decapitate him.
Monty continues to console Phoebe; actions that during her period of mourning for her brother have endeared him to her greatly (“The Last One You'd Expect - Part V").
Lady Salome D'Ysquith Pumphrey is an appallingly bad actress currently starring in a production of Henrik Ibsen's Hedda Gabler. Remembering that the play ends with Hedda's suicide by a pistol shot to the head, Monty sneaks backstage and loads the prop gun with real bullets. Lady Salome shoots herself and dies, to the shock of her fellow actors and the approval of the audience.
The deaths of Reverend Lord Ezekial, Asquith Jr., Henry, Lady Hyacinth, Major Lord Bartholomew, and Lady Salome now leave only two people in the way: the present earl and Lord Asquith, Sr., Monty's employer and benefactor. Monty is suddenly conflicted, finding he has no desire to murder the kindly Lord Asquith, but is let off the hook when the old man suddenly succumbs to a heart attack ("The Last One You'd Expect - Part VIII"). As Lord Adalbert realizes that he himself is the only D'Ysquith still alive, all of London is abuzz over the dashing young gentleman who's risen so far, so fast, and now stands next in line to inherit Highhurst ("The Last One You'd Expect - Part IX").
The curtain rises on Lord Asquith, Sr.’s funeral. Monty delivers a stirring eulogy, but the assembled mourners are irritated at the endless string of D’Ysquith memorials they are compelled to attend (“Why Are All the D’Ysquiths Dying?”). Lord Adalbert worries that the curse that has fallen upon his family may strike him next (“Why Are All the D’Ysquiths Dying? (Reprise)”).
Monty and Sibella continue their affair; he continues to love her despite his awareness of her flaws (“Sibella”). Sibella says that while she is unhappy with Lionel, she doesn’t necessarily regret marrying for self-interest, and wouldn’t begrudge Monty for doing the same. However, she would "forbid" him to marry for love. She also asks if Monty can secure Lionel an invitation to Highhurst, as he has political aspirations. Phoebe unexpectedly arrives, and Sibella hides in the next room. Phoebe declares her intention to marry Monty, even if the D’Ysquiths would look down on them. Monty accepts, but knows he is caught both figuratively and literally between the two women (“I’ve Decided to Marry You”).
Monty is shocked to discover that Lady Hyacinth has survived her encounter with the cannibals and is returning to London. As she disembarks the ship, Monty uses an axe to cut the supports of the gangplank. It collapses, and she drowns in the harbor.
Monty, Phoebe, Sibella, and Lionel are all invited to Highhurst for the weekend, so that Lord Adalbert can meet his heir. Monty and Phoebe arrive first, and meet the earl and his wife, Lady Eugenia D’Ysquith. The spirits of the D’Ysquith ancestors again warn Monty against presuming above his station (“Final Warning”). A long-brewing enmity between Lord Adalbert and Lady Eugenia is evident, and Adalbert makes several crass remarks about the scandal caused by Monty's mother. He and Monty head off to look at "some of the weapons that killed our ancestors" as Sibella arrives without Lionel, who’s been detained in Newmarket. Phoebe and Monty’s engagement is news to Sibella. She begs him to break it off and declares that she loves him. Although he still loves her, he angrily says that it is too late for her to claim ownership of him and that he will proceed with marrying Phoebe.
At dinner, a truly awful meal is served and Lord Adalbert and Lady Eugenia bicker constantly. Monty has brought along poison, intending to slip it into Lord Adalbert’s food, but cannot do so unnoticed (“Poison in My Pocket (Reprise)”). Miss Shingle, who initially brought Monty the news of his true lineage, appears; it turns out that she’s been employed as a servant by the D’Ysquiths for 39 years.
At last, Monty slips poison into Lord Adalbert’s dessert, but to his horror, the earl refuses it, insisting Sibella eat it instead; Monty desperately knocks it to the floor. Lord Adalbert starts to tell the story of how he was betrayed by his valet during the Boer War (“Looking Down the Barrel of a Gun”). He gives Monty his loaded army rifle, and demands that he play the part of the valet, ordering Monty to aim the gun at him. Monty cannot bring himself to shoot the earl, and lowers the gun, his opportunity lost. Lord Adalbert takes a drink and, to Monty's surprise, suddenly drops dead.
With Lord Adalbert’s death, Monty is now Lord Montague D’Ysquith Navarro, Ninth Earl of Highhurst. He and Phoebe marry soon after. However, at the wedding reception, Chief Inspector Pinckney of Scotland Yard arrests him for the murder of Lord Adalbert, who, it has been discovered, was poisoned. Monty remarks on the absurdity of being charged with the one murder he didn’t actually commit (“Stop! Wait! What?!”).
A trial is held before the House of Lords, and evidence is given to both implicate and exculpate Monty. Sibella testifies on Monty’s behalf, but, in a fit of passion, gives evidence that bolsters the prosecution’s alleged motive for the crime: that the D’Ysquiths disinherited his mother and denied his existence.
On the evening before the jury is to render judgment, Monty is writing his memoirs in his cell and strikes up a conversation with the jail’s custodian, Chauncey. It turns out that Chauncey is a D’Ysquith too, his father having been a black sheep of the family, cast out in a manner similar to Isobel. Chauncey says he doesn’t mind having not been acknowledged - he has none of the advantages of the D’Ysquiths, but none of their troubles, either. Moved by the encounter, Monty shakes the hand of his last remaining relation.
Convinced of Monty’s innocence, Phoebe visits him in jail. They conclude that an unseen providence is watching over him, but Phoebe has one important question to ask him: is Sibella in love with him? She takes his silence as an answer, and departs. Monty concludes his memoir, saying that the outcome will be revealed in the morning with the jury’s verdict.
Sibella arrives at the jail with a letter, purportedly from Phoebe and addressed to Monty, confessing to poisoning the earl so that Monty could take his rightful place. Phoebe returns to the jail with another letter, this one apparently from Sibella and also addressed to Monty, confessing the same thing. Both women plead for the other to be arrested and Monty set free. The authorities decided that both women appear equally culpable, and they can’t convict one woman if they believe the other one guilty. Phoebe and Sibella have also provided reasonable doubt as to Monty's guilt. It becomes apparent to the audience that the two women have thus conspired to prevent Monty’s conviction and execution ("That Horrible Woman").
Monty is awakened and, to his great surprise, set free. Cheering crowds greet him outside. Phoebe and Sibella are there, evidently content to share him between them. Monty suddenly realizes that he’s left his memoirs, which contain a full confession, in his cell. However, a guard hands Monty the journal, saying he found it and thought Monty might need it. Reeling from this one last stroke of luck, Monty wonders who poisoned the earl, if he didn’t. Miss Shingle appears, and confesses to the audience that it was she who slipped prussic acid into the earl’s port. In the final moments of the show, the company sing “this is not the end,” and Chauncey appears, holding a small bottle of poison, singing "Poison in My Pocket," implying that he will use it on Monty (“Finale”).
After the curtain call, Monty hands Chauncey a poisonous belladonna flower. Chauncey eats it, grimaces, and exits the stage.
Note: Below are the principal casts of all professional major productions.
|Role||The Hartford Stage/Old Globe Cast||Original Broadway Cast||US National Tour Cast|
|The D'Ysquith Family||Jefferson Mays||John Rapson|
|Monty Navarro||Ken Barnett||Bryce Pinkham||Kevin Massey|
|Sibella Hallward||Lisa O'Hare||Kristen Beth Williams|
|Phoebe D'Ysquith||Chilina Kennedy||Lauren Worsham||Adrienne Eller|
|Miss Shingle||Rachel Izen||Jane Carr||Mary VanArsdel|
|Lady Eugenia and others||Heather Ayers||Joanna Glushak||Kristen Mengelkoch|
|Magistrate and others||Kevin Ligon||Eddie Korbich||Christopher Behmke|
|Tom Copley and others||Kendal Sparks||Jeff Kready||Matt Leisy|
|Tour Guide and others||Catherine Walker||Jennifer Smith||Megan Loomis|
|Inspector Pinckney and others||Price Waldman||Ben Roseberry|
|Miss Evangeline Barley and others||Heather Ayers||Catherine Walker||Lesley McKinnell|
Note: The D'Ysquith family includes Asquith D'Ysquith, Jr., Lord Adalbert D'Ysquith, Reverend Lord Ezekial D'Ysquith, Lord Asquith D'Ysquith, Sr., Henry D'Ysquith, Lady Hyacinth D'Ysquith, Major Lord Bartholomew D'Ysquith, Lady Salome D'Ysquith Pumphrey, and Chauncey D'Ysquith. Chauncey is almost never listed in the family tree to preserve the surprise of his appearance.
Broadway Cast replacement history
- Carole Shelley and Catherine Walker replaced Jane Carr as Miss Shingle and Lauren Worsham as Phoebe D'Ysquith respectively on October 28, 2014. Sandra DeNise took over Walker's original track as Miss Evangeline Barley and others at the same performance as well.
- Jeff Kready temporarily replaced Bryce Pinkham as Monty Navarro from January 20 until July 28, 2015. Kevin Massey took over Kready's original track as Tom Copley and others at the same performance as well.
- Scarlett Strallen replaced Lisa O'Hare as Sibella Hallward on February 10, 2015.
- Judy Blazer replaced Carole Shelley as Miss Shingle on June 30, 2015.
- Jordan Bondurant replaced Kevin Massey as Tom Copley and others on August 11, 2015.
Charles Isherwood of The New York Times praised the Hartford production as "ingenious" and "among the most inspired and entertaining new musicals." Isherwood also favorably reviewed the musical's Broadway production, writing that the show was "delightful," praising Mays as "dazzling," and adding that it was one of the shows "that match streams of memorable melody with fizzily witty turns of phrase."
Elysa Gardner, reviewing for USA Today, also praised Mays, saying that his "comedic gifts are on glorious display." She had positive words for the direction ("witty") and the "drolly imaginative scenic and projection designs," concluding that the musical was "morbidly hilarious".
Awards and nominations
Original Broadway production
|Tony Award||Best Musical||Won|
|Best Book of a Musical||Robert L. Freedman||Won|
|Best Original Score||Steven Lutvak (music and lyrics) and Robert L. Freedman (lyrics)||Nominated|
|Best Actor in a Musical||Jefferson Mays||Nominated|
|Best Featured Actress in a Musical||Lauren Worsham||Nominated|
|Best Direction of a Musical||Darko Tresnjak||Won|
|Best Orchestrations||Jonathan Tunick||Nominated|
|Best Scenic Design||Alexander Dodge||Nominated|
|Best Costume Design||Linda Cho||Won|
|Drama Desk Award||Outstanding Musical||Won|
|Outstanding Book of a Musical||Robert L. Freedman||Won|
|Outstanding Music||Steven Lutvak||Nominated|
|Outstanding Lyrics||Steven Lutvak and Robert L. Freedman||Won|
|Outstanding Actor in a Musical||Jefferson Mays||Won|
|Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical||Lauren Worsham||Won|
|Outstanding Director of a Musical||Darko Tresnjak||Won|
|Outstanding Orchestrations||Jonathan Tunick||Nominated|
|Outstanding Set Design of a Musical||Alexander Dodge||Nominated|
|Outstanding Sound Design of a Musical||Dan Moses Schreier||Nominated|
|Outstanding Projection Design||Aaron Rhyne||Won|
|Outer Critics Circle Award||Outstanding New Broadway Musical||Won|
|Outstanding Book of a Musical||Robert L. Freedman||Won|
|Outstanding New Score||Steven Lutvak (music and lyrics) and Robert L. Freedman (lyrics)||Nominated|
|Outstanding Actor in a Musical||Jefferson Mays||Won|
|Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical||Lisa O'Hare||Nominated|
|Outstanding Director of a Musical||Darko Tresnjak||Won|
|Outstanding Choreographer||Peggy Hickey||Nominated|
|Outstanding Set Design||Alexander Dodge||Nominated|
|Outstanding Costume Design||Linda Cho||Nominated|
|Outstanding Lighting||Philip S. Rosenberg||Nominated|
|Drama League Award||Distinguished Production of a Musical||Won|
|Distinguished Performance Award||Jefferson Mays||Nominated|
|2015||Grammy Award||Best Musical Theater Album||Jefferson Mays & Bryce Pinkham (principal soloists); Kurt Deutsch & Joel Moss (producers); Robert L. Freedman (lyricist) & Steven Lutvak (composer/lyricist)||Nominated|
- Haun, Harry. "Jefferson Mays Brings Multiple Personalities to Broadway in 'A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder' " Archived December 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Playbill.com, October 27, 2013
- " 'Gentleman's Guide' Listing" hartfordstage.org, accessed April 11, 2014
- Jones, Kenneth. " 'Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder', the Musical, Opens in CT; Jefferson Mays Is Multifarious" Archived April 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. playbill.com, October 19, 2012
- Smith, Jeff. "The Old Globe presents 'A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder'" sandiegoreader.com, March 20, 2013
- "A Gentleman’s Guide to Love and Murder" "The Old Globe", accessed April 11, 2014
- Gans, Andrew. "'Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder' to End Broadway Run" playbill.com, September 8, 2015
- Hetrick, Adam. "The Verdict: Critics Review 'A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder', Starring Tony Winner Jefferson Mays" Archived April 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. playbill.com, November 18, 2013
- Isherwood, Charles. "Theater Review. 'A Gentleman’s Guide to Love and Murder' on Broadway" The New York Times, November 17, 2013
- Healy, Patrick. "Tony For Best Musical is Nice But a Profitable Hit is Better" The New York Times, June 15, 2014
- "'A Gentleman's Guide to Love & Murder' Proctor's Theatre" proctors.org, accessed January 1, 2016
- Staff. "'A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder' Announces National Tour Stops" theatermania.com, April 13, 2015
- McPhee, Ryan. "Tony Winner Carole Shelley Will Join Cast of A Gentleman's Guide to Love & Murder". Broadway.com. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- Lloyd Webber, Imogen. "Catherine Walker Tapped to Star in A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder on Broadway". Broadway.com. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- McPhee, Ryan. "Jeff Kready Is A Gentleman's Guide to Love & Murder's Newest Monty as Bryce Pinkham Steps Into The Heidi Chronicles". Broadway.com. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- Lloyd Webber, Imogen. "Bryce Pinkham Sets Return Date for A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder on Broadway". Broadway.com. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- McPhee, Ryan. "Sensational Sibella! Scarlett Strallen Says 'Salutations' to A Gentleman's Guide to Love & Murder on Broadway". Broadway.com. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- Lloyd Webber, Imogen. "Judy Blazer Tapped for Tony-Winning A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder on Broadway". Broadway.com. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- Blank, Matthew. "From the Greek Isles to D'Ysquith Manor; See Jordan Bondurant Play a Two-Show Day in Mamma Mia! While Rehearsing for Gent's Guide!". Playbill.com. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- "Theater Review. Jefferson Mays in 'A Gentlemans Guide To Love Murder' in Hartford The New York Times, October 26, 2012
- Isherwood, Charles. "Theater Review. 'A Gentleman’s Guide to Love & Murder' on Broadway The New York Times', November 17, 2013
- Gardner, Elysa. " 'A Gentleman's Guide' kills it with comedy" USA Today, November 17, 2013
- Haverkate, Julie. "Critical Snapshot" Archived May 2, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. stagegrade.com, accessed May 2, 2014
- Gans, Andrew. "64th Annual Outer Critics Circle Award Winners Announced; 'Gentleman's Guide' Wins Four Awards" playbill.com, May 12, 2014
- Gans, Andrew. "'All the Way', 'Mothers and Sons', 'After Midnight', 'Fun Home', 'Aladdin', 'Beautiful', 'Glass Menagerie', 'Lady Day' and More Are Drama League Nominees" playbill.com, April 23, 2014
- Gans, Andrew. "Winners of 59th Annual Drama Desk Awards Announced; 'Gentleman's Guide' and 'All the Way' Win Top Prizes" playbill.com, June 1, 2014
- Gans, Andrew. "68th Annual Tony Awards Nominations Announced; 'Gentleman's Guide' Leads the Pack" playbill.com, April 29, 2014
- Gans, Andrew. "80th Annual Drama League Award Winners Announced; Neil Patrick Harris Wins Distinguished Performance Honor" playbill.com, May 16, 2014
- Purcell, Carey. " 'Gent's Guide', 'All The Way', 'Hedwig And the Angry Inch', 'Raisin in the Sun' Win Top Prizes at 68th Annual Tony Awards" playbill.com, June 8, 2014
- Official website
- A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder at the Internet Broadway Database
- A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder at the Playbill Vault
- An interview with the makeup designer on the American Theatre Wing's "Working in the Theatre" series.