| Kh-29 |
(NATO reporting name: AS-14 'Kedge')
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|Used by||Warsaw Pact, China, India, Iraq|
2014 Libyan conflict
Russian-led military intervention in Syria
Georgiy I. Khokhlov
|Manufacturer||Vympel / Tactical Missiles Corporation|
Kh-29L :660 kg (1,460 lb) |
Kh-29T :685 kg (1,510 lb)
Kh-29TE :690 kg (1,520 lb)
Kh-29L/T :390 cm (12 ft 10 in)|
Kh-29TE :387.5 cm (12 ft 9 in)
|Diameter||38.0 cm (15.0 in)|
|Warhead weight||320 kg (705 lb)|
|Engine||Fixed thrust solid fuel rocket|
|Wingspan||110 cm (43 in)|
Kh-29L :10 km (5.4 nmi)|
Kh-29T :12 km (6.5 nmi)
Kh-29TE :30 km (16 nmi)
|Speed||km/h (560–780 mph)|
Kh-29L: semi-active laser guidance|
Kh-29T/TE : passive homing TV guidance
Kh-29D : infrared homing guidance (IIR)
Kh-29MP : active radar homing
|Mirage F1E, Su-17/22, Su-24, Su-33, Su-34, Su-37|
The Kh-29 (Russian: Х-29; NATO: AS-14 'Kedge'; GRAU: 9M721) is a Soviet air-to-surface missile with a range of 10–30 km. It has a large warhead of 320 kg, has a choice of laser, infrared, active radar or TV guidance, and is typically carried by tactical aircraft such as the Su-24, Su-30, MiG-29K as well as the "T/TM" models of the Su-25, giving that craft an expanded standoff capability.
The Kh-29 is intended for primary use against larger battlefield targets and infrastructure such as industrial buildings, depots and bridges, but can also be used against ships up to 10,000 tonnes, hardened aircraft shelters and concrete runways.
Design started in the late 1970s at the Molniya design bureau in Ukraine on what would be their only air-to-ground munition, but when they moved exclusively to space work Vympel took over development of the Kh-29. The first firing of the missile took place in 1976 and after extensive trials the Kh-29 was accepted into service in 1980.
The basic aerodynamic layout of the Kh-29 is similar to the Molniya R-60 (AA-8 'Aphid'), reflecting Molniya's heritage in air-to-air missiles. The laser guidance head came from the Kh-25 (AS-10 'Karen') and the TV guidance from the Kh-59 (AS-13 'Kingbolt'), mated to a large warhead.
The Kh-29 entered service with the Soviet Air Force in 1980, and has been widely exported since.
The Kh-29L were used by Sukhoi Su-34 and Su-24 aircraft in the 2015 Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War.
2014 Libyan conflict
Libyan Su-24-borne Kh-29Ts supplied in large quantities to Muammar Gaddafi's Jamahiriya have been used by Islamist factions against pro-government forces around Tripoli during the current low-level civil war (they were seized from Ghardabiya Air Base depots). Their use, however, was in an unguided ground-to-ground role, launched from modified trucks and with their fins and ailerons at the front and back removed for a somewhat more stable flight path.
- Kh-29L (Izdeliye 63, 'Kedge-A') uses semi-active laser seeker and has a range of 8–10 km.
- Kh-29ML is an upgraded version of the Kh-29L.
- Kh-29T (Izdeliye 64, 'Kedge-B') is the TV-guided version which is fitted with automatic optical homing to a distinguishable object indicated by the pilot in the cockpit.
- Kh-29TE is a long-range (30 km) development of the Kh-29T. Minimum range is 3 km; launch altitude is 200-10,000 m.
- Kh-29MP is a third generation guidance variant with active radar homing, makes it a fire-and-forget weapon. It has a large 250 kg warhead with 12 km range.
- Kh-29D is a fourth guidance variant (fire-and-forget) of the Kh-29TE, using imaging infrared.
- Russia: Russian Air Force
- India: Indian Air Force on its new Su-30MKIs and Indian Navy on its on new MiG-29Ks.
- Algeria: Algerian Air Force
- Belarus: Belarusian Air Force on its modernized MiG-29BMs.
- Bulgaria: Bulgarian Air Force on its Su-22M4s, which were withdrawn from service in 2004 and now used only for reconnaissance. Currently used on Su-25.
- Georgia: Georgian Air Force on its SU-25KM Scorpion
- Indonesia: TNI-AU = Tentara Nasional Indonesia – Angkatan Udara (Indonesian Air Force) on its Su-30MK2
- Iran: Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force on its Su-24 Fencer
- Libya: Islamist militias
- Malaysia: Royal Malaysian Air Force
- People's Republic of China: People's Liberation Army Air Force – received 2,000 Kh-29Ts in 2002 for use on their Su-27SKs, Su-27UBKs, Su-30MKKs, Shenyang J-11s and possibly their JH-7s ('Flounder') and Q-5's ('Fantan').
- Poland: Polish Air Force on its on Su-22M4s.
- Syria: Syrian Air Force
- Ukraine: Ukrainian Air Force
- Peru: Peruvian Air Force on its Su-25
- Venezuela: Venezuelan Air Force on its Su-30
- Vietnam: Vietnam People's Air Force on its Su-30MK2V
- Czechoslovakia: Czechoslovak Air Force – passed onto successor states
- East Germany: East German Air Force
- Germany: Phased out after the German reunification
- Hungary: Hungarian Air Force on Su-22M3s
- Iraq: Iraqi Air Force – all retired
- Libyan Arab Jamahiriya: Libyan Air Force – Left without launch platforms after Su-24s were destroyed in the civil war and subsequent NATO bombing. Seized by rebels and militias.
- Slovakia: Slovak Air Force – Su-22M4s
- Soviet Union: Soviet Air Force – passed onto successor states
- Kh-25 (AS-10/12 'Karen/Kegler') – 320 kg missile with 90 kg warhead and 10–25 km range
- AGM-65 Maverick – 200–300 kg missile with 57–135 kg warhead and 27 km range
- AGM-62 Walleye I – 1967 US glide bomb delivering 385 kg warhead over 30 km.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vympel Kh-29.|
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