Aliases ASIC1, ACCN2, ASIC, BNaC2, acid sensing ion channel subunit 1
External IDs MGI: 1194915 HomoloGene: 121755 GeneCards: ASIC1
Targeted by Drug
Hydron, amiloride, benzamil, ibuprofen, nafamostat[1]
RNA expression pattern

More reference expression data
Species Human Mouse









RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)



Location (UCSC) Chr 12: 50.06 – 50.08 Mb Chr 15: 99.67 – 99.7 Mb
PubMed search [2] [3]
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

Acid-sensing ion channel 1 (ASIC1) also known as amiloride-sensitive cation channel 2, neuronal (ACCN2) or brain sodium channel 2 (BNaC2) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the ASIC1 gene. The ASIC1 gene is one of the five paralogous genes that encode proteins that form trimeric acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs) in mammals. The cDNA of this gene was first cloned in 1996.[4] The ASIC genes have splicing variants that encode different proteins that are called isoforms.

These genes are mainly expressed in the central and peripheral nervous system.

ASICs can form both homotrimeric (meaning composed of three identical subunits) and heterotrimeric channels.[5][6]

Structure and function

This gene encodes a member of the ASIC/ENaC superfamily of proteins.[7] The members of this family are amiloride-sensitive sodium channels that contain intracellular N and C termini, 2 hydrophobic transmembrane (TM) regions, and a large extracellular loop, which has many cysteine residues with conserved spacing. The TM regions are generally symbolized as TM1 (clone to N-terminus) and TM2 (close to C-terminus).

The pore of the channel through which ions selectively flow from the extracellular side into the cytoplasm is formed by the three TM2 regions of the trimer.[8]


ASIC1 has been shown to interact with PICK1.[9][10]


  1. "Drugs that physically interact with Acid-sensing ion channel 1 view/edit references on wikidata".
  2. "Human PubMed Reference:".
  3. "Mouse PubMed Reference:".
  4. García-Añoveros J, Derfler B, Neville-Golden J, Hyman BT, Corey DP (March 1997). "BNaC1 and BNaC2 constitute a new family of human neuronal sodium channels related to degenerins and epithelial sodium channels". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 94 (4): 1459–64. doi:10.1073/pnas.94.4.1459. PMC 19813Freely accessible. PMID 9037075.
  5. Babinski K, Catarsi S, Biagini G, Séguéla P (Sep 2000). "Mammalian ASIC2a and ASIC3 subunits co-assemble into heteromeric proton-gated channels sensitive to Gd3+". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 275 (37): 28519–25. doi:10.1074/jbc.M004114200. PMID 10842183.
  6. Bassilana F, Champigny G, Waldmann R, de Weille JR, Heurteaux C, Lazdunski M (Nov 1997). "The acid-sensitive ionic channel subunit ASIC and the mammalian degenerin MDEG form a heteromultimeric H+-gated Na+ channel with novel properties". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 272 (46): 28819–22. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.46.28819. PMID 9360943.
  7. Hanukoglu I, Hanukoglu A (Jan 2016). "Epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) family: Phylogeny, structure-function, tissue distribution, and associated inherited diseases.". Gene. 579 (2): 95–132. doi:10.1016/j.gene.2015.12.061. PMC 4756657Freely accessible. PMID 26772908.
  8. Hanukoglu I (2016). "ASIC and ENaC type sodium channels: Conformational states and the structures of the ion selectivity filters". FEBS Journal. doi:10.1111/febs.13840. PMID 27580245.
  9. Leonard AS, Yermolaieva O, Hruska-Hageman A, Askwith CC, Price MP, Wemmie JA, Welsh MJ (February 2003). "cAMP-dependent protein kinase phosphorylation of the acid-sensing ion channel-1 regulates its binding to the protein interacting with C-kinase-1". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 100 (4): 2029–34. doi:10.1073/pnas.252782799. PMC 149953Freely accessible. PMID 12578970.
  10. Hruska-Hageman AM, Wemmie JA, Price MP, Welsh MJ (February 2002). "Interaction of the synaptic protein PICK1 (protein interacting with C kinase 1) with the non-voltage gated sodium channels BNC1 (brain Na+ channel 1) and ASIC (acid-sensing ion channel)". Biochem. J. 361 (Pt 3): 443–50. doi:10.1042/0264-6021:3610443. PMC 1222326Freely accessible. PMID 11802773.

External links

Further reading

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