Roads in Jamaica

The road network in Jamaica consists of almost 21,000 kilometres of roads, of which over 15,000 kilometres is paved.[1] The numbering scheme used covers freeways, primary (or A) roads, secondary (or B) roads, parochial roads and unclassified roads.[2][3]


Starting in the late 1990s the Jamaican Government (in cooperation with private investors) embarked on the Highway 2000 project to create a system of motorways, the first such access-controlled roads of their kind on the island. The project seeks ultimately to link the two main cities (Kingston and Montego Bay) and the north coast. It is being undertaken as a series of phases:[4]

On 2009-09-15 Jamaica's prime minister, Bruce Golding, announced to Parliament that Highway 2000 was to be renamed in honour of Usain Bolt.[5] Those intentions were sidelined following a news paper article claiming Bolt had rejected the proposal.

Northern Coastal Highway

1998, the Government of Jamaica and the European Commission signed the financing agreement for the third segment of the Northern Coastal Highway Improvement Project in the amount of EURO80 million. The Project involves the reconstruction and re-habilitation of approximately 96km of road between Ocho Rios, St. Ann and Port Antonio, Portland. Total cost of the project is EURO 105.0 million with the GOJ contributing EURO 25 million for land acquisition and re-settlement as well as the construction of three bridges along the segment.

The entire project consists of approximately 287km of roadway and is divided into three segments. · Segment 1 – Negril to Montego Bay (approx. 71km) · Segment 2 – Montego Bay to Ocho Rios (approx. 97km) · Segment 3 – Ocho Rios to Fair Prospect (approx. 119km) [6]

Southern Coastal Highway

Approval has been given by Cabinet for the execution of a contract between the government and China Harbour Engineering Company Ltd. for the design, improvement and construction of Sections 1A and 1B of the Southern Coastal Highway Improvement Project. This will involve work from Harbour View to Morant Bay as part of the overall Segment from Harbour View to Port Antonio.

The existing main road along this southern coastal section of the island has been in generally poor condition. The alignment, surface condition, drainage are in need of major improvement.

The Harbour View to Morant Bay section covers some 43km, with Morant Bay to Port Antonio approximately 65km. The work on the Harbour View to Morant Bay leg is estimated to cost approximately US385 million dollars.

Among the improvement works will be a re alignment of the White Horses Bypass to the south of the town along the sea coast rather than to the north and modification of the Morant Bay Bypass at the western and eastern ends.

A section of the highway will also be constructed to accommodate 4 lanes and major structures are to be built including 16 bridges, 1 flyover, 1 subway, along with new pipe and box culverts.

Financing for the project is through the China Exim Bank. It is being accommodated in the 5 year Public Sector Investment Programmes covering the period 2016 to 2021. [7]

A Roads

Designation From To Via Comments Length
A1 Kingston Lucea Spanish Town - Bog Walk - Linstead - Ewarton - Moneague - Claremont - Saint Ann's Bay - Falmouth - Montego Bay 243 kilometres (151 mi)
A2 Spanish Town Savanna-la-Mar Old Harbour - May Pen - Porus - Mandeville - Santa Cruz - Black River 154 kilometres (96 mi)
A3 Kingston Saint Ann's Bay Castleton - A4 junction west of Annotto Bay - Port Maria - Oracabessa - Ocho Rios 101 kilometres (63 mi)
A4 Kingston A3 junction west of Annotto Bay Morant Bay - Port Morant - Golden Grove - Hectors River - Manchioneal - Boston Bay - Port Antonio - Hope Bay - Buff Bay Eastern Jamaica coast road.

B Roads

Designation From To Via Comments Length
B1 Cross Roads Buff Bay Newcastle
B2 Bog Walk White Hall Riversdale - Troja - Richmond - Highgate
B3 May Pen Runaway Bay
B4 Trout Hall Walderston Frankfield
B5 Shooters Hill Jackson Town Christiana - Albert Town
B6 Montpelier Shooters Hill Balaclava - Maggotty - Y.S. River
B7 Shettlewood Baptist (A2 N of Black River) Happy Grove - Newmarket - Struie
B8 Ferris Cross (A2 E of Savanna-la-Mar) Reading (A1 W of Montego Bay) Whithorn - Shettlewood - Montpelier
B9 Lucea Savanna-la-Mar Frome
B10 Oxford Duncans Clark's Town
B11 Falmouth Green Park (old A1 3.2 kilometres (2 mi) north of Claremont) Clark's Town - Jackson Town - Stewart Town - Brown's Town 68 kilometres (42 mi)[8]
B12 Freetown (A2 E of May Pen) Toll Gate (A2 W of May Pen) Lionel Town Forms a rough semi circle S of May Pen, predominantly near the coast.
B13 Linstead Oracabessa Guy's Hill - Gayle
B15[9] Montego Bay Falmouth Adelphi - Wakefield - Martha Brae

Parochial Roads

Parochial roads are a local responsibility, being maintained by parish councils. They are too numerous to list individually.

Unclassified Roads

Unclassified roads are a local responsibility, being maintained by parish councils. They are too numerous to list individually

See also

Notes and references

  1. The CIA World Factbook - Jamaica Retrieved 27 June 2007.
  2. Annual Transport Statistics Report: Jamaica in Figures 2003-2004, Ministry of Transport and Works, July 2005.
  3. UK Directorate of Overseas Surveys 1:50,000 map of Jamaica Sheets A to M variously dated 1958-1972.
  4. Highway 2000: Project Schedule Retrieved 25 March 2007.
  5. "Usain Bolt gets OJ - Highway 2000 renamed in sprint star's honour". Jamaica Weekly Gleaner. Kingston, Jamaica: Gleaner Company. 3,022. 2009-09-20.
  8. Jamaica road map, Texaco, 1972.
  9. UK Directorate of Overseas Surveys 1:50,000 map of Jamaica sheet C, 1959.
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