50th parallel north
At this latitude the sun is visible for 16 hours, 22 minutes during the summer solstice and 8 hours, 4 minutes during the winter solstice. The maximum altitude of the sun on the summer solstice is 63.5 degrees and on the winter solstice it is 16.5 degrees.
Around the world
Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 50° north passes through:
During the Empire of Japan era, from 1905 to 1945, the 50th parallel marked the border between the Karafuto Prefecture of Japan to the south with the Russian Empire, and later the Soviet Union, to the north in the island of Sakhalin. The entire island came under Soviet control after World War II.
- Sevela, Mariya. "Sakhalin: the Japanese Under Soviet Rule". History Today. Retrieved 10 May 2014.