28th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
The 28th Congress of the CPSU (July 2, 1990 – July 13, 1990) was held in Moscow. It was held a year ahead of the traditional schedule and turned out to be the last Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) congress in the history of the party. Notably, this congress displayed open factionalism: opposing views were championed by the centrist "CPSU Central Committee platform" (supported by Gorbachev), the liberal "Democratic Platform" (which included Boris Yeltsin) and the conservative "Marxist Platform".
- Mikhail Gorbachev was reelected General Secretary (by a 3411 to 501 vote); Vladimir Ivashko was elected his deputy.
- A new Party Statute was passed, which formalized the end of the monopoly of power of the CPSU announced at the previous Party Congress.
- The New Union Treaty project was proposed by Gorbachev.
- Boris Yeltsin and some others resigned from the party after the "Democratic Platform" group failed to advance the transition to a parliamentary structure of the organization, while the "Marxist Platform" failed to oppose Gorbachev's reforms of "healing socialism by capitalism".
- The congress failed to issue the next Program, and issued only a Program Declaration.
Various organizations claiming to be the successor of the CPSU have held congresses continuing the numbering established by the CPSU and its predecessors. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1992) held its so-called XXIXth Restorative CPSU Congress in 1992 declaring the CPSU reinstated. Similarly, the Union of Communist Parties — Communist Party of the Soviet Union, established in 1993, has also held congresses starting from XXIX, the most recent being the XXXIIIrd Congress.
- Jonathan Harris. Subverting the System: Gorbachev's Reform of the Party's Apparat, 1986-1991. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2005. ISBN 978-0-7425-2679-2; Ch. 6: Towards the 28th Congress of the CPSU: 1990, pp. 107–120
- Bill Keller, EVOLUTION IN EUROPE; Soviet Party: Hazy Future. New York Times, July 13, 1990. Accessed October 18, 2008
- Kalashnikov, Antony (2016). "Interpellation in the late Soviet period: contesting the de-ideologization narrative". Canadian Slavonic Papers. 58.1: 36.