2006 Gaza cross-border raid

2006 Gaza cross-border raid
Part of Israel-Gaza conflict

The attack site
Location Israeli army post near the Kerem Shalom border crossing, on the Israeli side of the fence
Coordinates 31°14′00″N 34°17′08″E / 31.23333°N 34.28556°E / 31.23333; 34.28556
Date 25 June 2006
Around 5:30 am[1] (GMT+2)
Attack type
Shooting attack, kidnapping
Deaths 2 Israeli soldiers and 2 attackers
Non-fatal injuries
4 Israeli soldiers (one of them was Gilad Shalit)
Perpetrators Presumably 7 to 8 militants.[2] The Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the Popular Resistance Committees organization and the Army of Islam group claimed joint responsibility.
Gilad Shalit on Hamas poster,
Nablus 7 May 2007

The 2006 Gaza cross-border raid was a cross-border raid which was carried out on 25 June 2006 in which a Palestinian militant squad thought to consist of 7 to 8 militants[2] managed to cross the border through an underground attack tunnel near the Kerem Shalom Crossing and attack Israel Defense Forces (IDF) military positions. In the attack, two IDF soldiers[3] and two Palestinian militants[4] were killed, four IDF soldiers were wounded, and one wounded soldier Gilad Shalit was captured and taken to the Gaza Strip.[5]

Hamas' military wing, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, claimed responsibility, together with the Popular Resistance Committees (which includes members of Fatah, Islamic Jihad, and Hamas), and a previously unknown group calling itself the Army of Islam.[6]

This event led to the eruption of the Operation Summer Rains. Shalit was held as a hostage in the Gaza Strip by the Hamas, and was only released as part of a prisoner swap on 18 October 2011.

The capture of Gilad Shalit was the first incident of a capture of an IDF soldier by the Palestinians since the Kidnapping of Nachshon Wachsman in 1994.[7]


In February 2005, the PA President Mahmoud Abbas and Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon announced a ceasefire which effectively ended the Second Intifada.[8] Hamas unilaterally agreed to abide by the ceasefire. Under the direction of Sharon, Israel completed withdrawal from Gaza in September 2005.

To international surprise, Hamas won the Palestinian elections in January 2006, which were declared democratic by observers.[9] The 'Quartet' demanded that Hamas renounce violence, recognize Israel, and accept previous Israeli-Palestinian agreements, which Hamas refused to do, resulting in aid being withheld.[10] Israel imposed a blockade and sanctions on Gaza, and withheld customs revenue.[11] Hamas had announced a ceasefire in 2005 and until 10 June 2006, Hamas did not take responsibility itself for the firing of ordnance into Israel, but the group's leader had said in February that it did not intend to impede other groups from carrying out "armed resistance" against Israel.[12] However, Hamas was implicated in rocket and terror attacks carried out by other groups, as well as engaging in its own attacks, despite the ceasefire.[13][14]

On 8 June 2006, Jamal Abu Samhadana, Hamas' Inspector General in the Ministry of the Interior and founder of the Popular Resistance Committees, was killed in an IAF air-strike on the Salah al-Dein Brigades training camp in Gaza. Samhadna's supporters threatened to revenge his death.[15] The Israeli military said Samhadana and the other targeted militants were planning an attack on Israel.[16] The next day rockets were fired at Israel from Fatah-controlled Gaza, and a few hours later a Palestinian family was killed in an explosion attributed to IDF shelling of a reported launch site. Hamas formally withdrew from its 16-month ceasefire, and began openly taking responsibility for the ongoing Qassam rocket attacks.[17]

The attack and the capture

See also: Gilad Shalit

On Sunday morning, 25 June 2006, at about 5:30 am (GMT+2) an armed squad of Palestinian militants from the Gaza Strip crossed the border into Israel via a 300-meter-long underground tunnel they dug near the Kerem Shalom border crossing.[18] The militants surfaced in Israeli territory shielded by a row of trees, and came up behind IDF border positions facing Gaza. As militants from within the Gaza Strip bombarded Israeli positions with mortar and anti-tank fire, the militant squad split into three cells.

One cell aligned itself behind a Merkava Mark III tank, another behind a concrete watchtower, and another behind an armored personnel carrier. The militants simultaneously opened fire on their targets. The militants that attacked the tank blew open its rear door with an RPG. The tank's gunner, Corporal Gilad Shalit, was wounded by the RPG blast, suffering a broken left hand and a light shoulder wound.[19] Two of the militants then approached the tank. The RPG hit caused the tank to go up in flames, and its fire extinguisher system was activated. However, the engine stopped working and the ventilation system failed to work as a result, creating suffocating conditions inside. The tank's commander and driver climbed out to escape, and were gunned down by the militants. A militant then climbed onto the tank's turret and threw grenades into the tank, wounding another crew member. Shalit climbed out of the tank to escape the suffocating conditions, and as he emerged onto the turret, he saw one of the militants climbing onto the tank, with his AK-47 strapped to his back. Shalit at this point could have easily killed the militant using the .50 caliber machine gun mounted on the turret, but instead surrendered to him. He later told IDF investigators that he was confused and in a state of shock, and thus never thought of shooting him. Shalit was then taken to Gaza with the militants.[20] An Israeli tank soon arrived on the scene and an IDF observation post witnessed their escape, although it was not known at the time that the militants had a captive Israeli soldier with them, and the tank did not open fire in time, as the commander was awaiting permission. When permission was finally granted, the tank opened fire with its machine guns.

The squad's third member was positioned near a road, and fired an RPG at an IDF jeep driven by a captain. After the captain returned fire, the militant fled towards a tunnel dug along the fence, throwing grenades. An IDF armored vehicle fired at him, but missed, and he escaped.

Two militants attacked the watchtower, raking it with RPG and small-arms fire, wounding two soldiers manning the tower. One militant crept towards the tower and placed an explosive charge next to the bottom doors. The ensuing explosion damaged the tower's communication cables. The militant then attempted to climb the stairs, while the second militant remained on the ground as backup. IDF soldiers in the tower spotted the militant climbing the stairs and opened fire, killing him in the upper part of the stairway. The second militant was spotted by an IDF lookout, and soldiers then opened fire and killed him.

The third cell attacked an empty armored personnel carrier placed as a decoy before retreating, firing an RPG which damaged it and caused it to burst into flames.[19][21][22]

Later, explosive charges left behind by the militants exploded while IDF troops were combing the area, lightly injuring three soldiers.

Immediately afterwards the Palestinian militant squad made their way back into the Gaza Strip, with Shalit, through the ground after they blew an opening in the security fence and disappeared. Meanwhile, large Israeli military forces arrived at the site and began helping the wounded. When they reached the tank the soldiers discovered the two bodies and a wounded crewman. When it became clear that the fourth crew member was missing, an abduction alert was declared, and various Israeli forces entered Gaza.

The Palestinian militancy organizations responsible for raid took responsibility for the attack, for the first time, a day after the attack – the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades (the armed wing of Hamas), the Popular Resistance Committees organization (which includes members of Fatah, Islamic Jihad, and Hamas) and the Army of Islam group issued a joint statement on 26 June 2006, in which they claimed responsibility for the raid and offered information on Shalit only if Israel agreed to release all female Palestinian prisoners and all Palestinian prisoners under the age of 18, who were held without charges and tried without the right of defense.[23]

Shalit became the first Israeli soldier captured by Palestinians since Nachshon Wachsman in 1994.[7]


Israeli soldiers
Palestinian militants

The perpetrators

A day after the attack, the following organizations claimed responsibility for the operation - the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades (the armed wing of Hamas), the Popular Resistance Committees (which includes members of Fatah, Islamic Jihad, and Hamas), and a previously unknown group calling itself the Army of Islam.[6]

Israeli retaliation

Following the capture of Corporal Gilad Shalit, the IDF launched Operation Summer Rains. In addition various international bodies conducted diplomatic activity, among them Egypt, in an attempt to release Shalit. Due to the fact that Shalit is a French citizen, France attempted to release him through diplomatic means. However, the captors, who operated under the orders of Khaled Mashal and the Hamas military leadership, refused to release him. According to David Siegel, a spokesman at the Israeli embassy in Washington, D.C., "Israel did everything it could in exhausting all diplomatic options and gave Mahmoud Abbas the opportunity to return the abducted Israeli… This operation can be terminated immediately, conditioned on the release of Gilad Shalit."[26]

On the night of 28–29 June 2006, the IDF arrested dozens of Hamas leaders in the West bank, including 20 Palestinian parliament members and eight Palestinian ministers. This retaliation operation was reportedly planned several weeks in advance. On the same day, four Israeli Air Force aircraft flew over Syrian President Bashar Assad's palace in Latakia, as an IDF spokesperson said that Israel views the Syrian leadership as a sponsor of Hamas.[27]

On 1 July 2006, Shalit's captors issued another demand to the Israelis, demanding that Israel release an additional 1,000 Palestinian prisoners (in addition to all female and young prisoners, as previously demanded) and end Israel's incursions into Gaza.[28] Two days later, the captors issued a 24-hour ultimatum for meeting their demands, threatening unspecified consequences if Israel refused.[29] Hours after the ultimatum was issued, Israel officially rejected the demands, stating that: "there will be no negotiations to release prisoners".[30]

On 3 July 2006 Shalit's captors made an ultimatum according to which they demanded that Israel must fulfill all of its demands by 4 July 2006 at 6:00 am. However, the captors did not specify exactly what would happen if the demands were not met. The Israeli Prime Minister's office formally rejected the ultimatum. After the ultimatum period expired the Army of Islam group announced that no more information would be released about Shalit's fate.

Operation Summer Rains, which failed to achieve its main objective (the release of Shalit), ended on 26 November 2006 when the Israeli prime minister Ehud Olmert and Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas agreed on a cease-fire, after the Palestinian militancy organizations agreed to stop firing rockets on Sderot and after Israel agreed to cease IDF operations in the Gaza Strip.


After more than five years in Hamas captivity IDF soldier Gilad Shalit was released and returned to Israel, while nearly a thousand Palestinian and Arab-Israeli prisoners are being released in exchange, 18 October 2011

Hamas high-ranking commander Abu Jibril Shimali, whom Israel considers responsible for coordinating the abduction of Shalit, was killed during the violent clashes between Hamas and the al-Qaida-affiliated Jund Ansar Allah organization in Gaza in August 2009.[31]

On 2 October 2009, Israel received a video clip of 2:42 minutes length in which Gilad Shalit was filmed. In exchange, Israel released 20 Palestinian prisoners. During the same day the video clip was broadcast on television channels worldwide. The video, which was published publicly after the Shalit family approval to do so, showed Gilad Shalit in uniform reading a pre-written message, in which he urged the Israeli government to finalize the deal for his release. In addition, during the video clip Shalit stood up for a few seconds and moved towards the camera so that his health condition would be evident in the video, as much as possible. In addition, during the video clip Shalit was holding an Arab newspaper from 14 September 2009 in order to prove that the video was recorded just before its release.[32]

Shalit was released in a prisoner exchange on 18 October 2011.[33]

Official reactions

Involved parties


 Palestinian territories:


See also


  1. 1 2 "Staff-Sgt. Pavel Slutzker". GxMSDev. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  2. 1 2 3 "Palestinians launch raid from Gaza". TVNZ. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  3. "How were Palestinian militants able to abduct Gilad Shalit?". Haaretz.com. 18 October 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  4. Q&A: Israeli soldier held in Gaza, BBC News, Monday, 25 June 2007.
  5. Gal Perl Finkel, The IDF vs subterranean warfare, The Jerusalem Post, August 16, 2016.
  6. 1 2 "Palestinian groups call for prisoner release". RTE.ie. 26 June 2006. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  7. 1 2 "Israel seizes Hamas legislators". BBC. 29 June 2006. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
    – Cpl Gilad Shalit, 19: First Israeli soldier captured by Palestinians since 1994
    – Amnesty International, the human rights group, called for all hostages to be released [...].
  8. "Palestinian, Israeli leaders announce cease-fire". CNN. 9 February 2005.
  9. Aaron D. Pina (2006). "Palestinian Elections" (PDF). Library of Congress.
  10. Paul Morro (2006). "International Reaction to the Palestinian Unity Government" (PDF). Library of Congress.
  11. Phyllis Bennis (2006). "Palestine: Israel's Olmert Comes to Washington". Transnational Institute.
  12. Butcher, Tim (9 February 2006). "Hamas offers deal if Israel pulls out". London: The Telegraph.
  13. "Hamas behind Qassam attack on Sderot". Ynetnews. 1 June 2006. Archived from the original on 6 January 2008.
  14. Hamas Must End Attacks Against Civilians, Human Rights Watch, 8 June 2005
  15. "Palestinians Protest Against Israeli Targeted Killing". Xinhua News Agency. 2006.
  16. "Wanted militant dies in Gaza raid". BBC News. 8 June 2006.
  17. "Militants Fire Rockets Into South Israel". Associated Press via SFGate. 15 June 2006. Archived from the original on 25 January 2009.
  18. Two soldiers killed, one missing in Kerem Shalom terror attack. Mfa.gov.il. Retrieved on 2011-08-29.
  19. 1 2 Hoffman, Gil; et al. (29 June 2006). "Shalit's health better than first feared". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  20. "Gilad Schalit's capture, in his own words, part II". The Jerusalem Post - JPost.com. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  21. Tim Butcher at Kibbutz Kerem Shalom (26 June 2006). "Soldier kidnapped and two killed in Gaza tunnel attack". Telegraph.co.uk. London. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  22. Shay, Shaul: Islamic terror abductions in the Middle East
  23. "Militants issue Israel hostage demands". CNN. 26 June 2006. Archived from the original on 21 October 2008.
  24. "Lt. Hanan Barak". GxMSDev. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  25. 1 2 "Abbas condemns attack as Israel looking for missing soldier". Al Bawaba. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  26. Rosenberg, David (28 June 2006). "Israeli Army Enters Gaza to Find Kidnapped Soldier (update 2)". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  27. Hanan Greenberg (28 June 2006). "IAF: Aerial flight over Assad's palace". Ynetnews. Archived from the original on 30 January 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2008.
  28. "FACTBOX—The crisis over Israel's captured soldier". Reuters. 2 July 2006. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  29. "Palestinian militants issue ultimatum to Israel". Reuters. 3 July 2006. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  30. "Minister Ramon: IDF operations in Gaza will be 'far far worse' if Shalit harmed". Haaretz. 3 July 2006. Archived from the original on 18 July 2006.
  31. Hamas: Head of Al-Qaida affiliate killed in Gaza, Haaretz, 18 August 2009
  32. "BBC NEWS - Middle East - Tape shows Shalit 'safe and well'". BBC News. 2 October 2009. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  33. "Captured soldier Gilad Shalit returns to Israel after five years in captivity". News.com. AFP. 18 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
  34. 1 2 3 Militants' Raid on Israel Raises Gaza Tension – New York Times
  35. Abbas condemns deadly attack on Israeli army post
  36. US urges restraint amid tension over kidnapped Israeli soldier – Forbes.com

External links

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