1st Mississippi Infantry

1st Infantry Regiment

Mississippi state flag, 1861-1894
Active April 1861 to April 1865
Country  Confederate States of America
Allegiance  Mississippi
Branch  Confederate States Army
Role Infantry

American Civil War

Col. Thomas H. Johnston
Col. John M. Simonton

The 1st Mississippi Infantry was a line infantry regiment of the Confederate States Army originally formed as a state militia unit in Mississippi. The regiment was first organized at Corinth, Mississippi in April 1861 with a strength of 682 men. By the following spring, the regiment had been augmented to the Confederate Army and fought primarily in the western theater of the war. The majority of the regiment was recruited from Itawamba County in Mississippi.

The regiment's first major action was at the Siege of Corinth. By the time of the Battle of Nashville, the regiment had suffered heavy casualties with the regiment now under the command of Captain Owen Hughes who had previously been in command of Company K, known as the "Yankee Hunters". Hughes and most of the remaining regimental members were killed at Nashville, after which the regiment was used for rear guard actions until disbanding in 1865.


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