# 19th century BC

Millennium: | 2nd millennium BC |
---|---|

Centuries: | |

Decades: | 1890s BC 1880s BC 1870s BC 1860s BC 1850s BC 1840s BC 1830s BC 1820s BC 1810s BC 1800s BC |

Categories: | Births – Deaths Establishments – Disestablishments |

The **19th century BC** was the century which lasted from 1900 BC to 1801 BC.

## Events

- Hittite empire in Hattusa, Anatolia.
- 1900 BC: Transition from Early Helladic III to Middle Helladic culture in Greece.
^{[1]}^{[2]} - c. 1900 BC: Minoan Old Palace (Protopalatial) period starts in Crete.
- c. 1900 BC: Fall of last Sumerian dynasty.
- c. 1900 BC: Late Harappan Phase of the Indus Valley Civilization begins
- c. 1900 BC: The Mokaya along the Pacific coast of present-day Chiapas, Mexico were preparing cacao beverages.
^{[3]} - c. 1900 BC: Port of Lothal is abandoned.
- c. 1897 BC: Senwosret II (Twelfth Dynasty) started to rule. He built Kahun near his pyramide tomb complex at el-Lahun.
- c. 1895 BC–1878 BC: "Pectoral of Senwosret II", from the tomb of princess Sithathoryunet at el-Lahun was made. Twelfth Dynasty. It is now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.
- c. 1880 BC: Pharaoh Senwosret II starts to rule (other date is 1897 BC).
- 1878 BC: Senwosret II (Twelfth Dynasty) died.
- c. 1878 BC: Senwosret III (Twelfth Dynasty) started to rule.
- 1876 BC: Israelites enter Egypt after two years of famine (according to one interpretation of internal Biblical chronology; an alternate date is 1986 BC).
- c. 1874 BC: Pharaoh Senwosret II dies (other date is 1878 BC).
- c. 1874 BC: Pharaoh Senwosret III starts to rule (other date is 1878 BC).
- c. 1860 BC: Senusret III inspects the Nubian frontier, he leads four punitive campaigns against the Nubians.
- c. 1855 BC: Pharaoh Senwosret III dies (other date is 1839 BC).
- c. 1839 BC: Senwosret III (Twelfth Dynasty) died.
- 1836 BC-1818 BC: Head of Senusret III is made. Twelfth dynasty of Egypt. It is now kept at The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri.

## Significant persons

- 1807 BC–1797 BC—Amenemhat III of Egypt
- 1806 BC-1802 BC—Sobekneferu of Egypt

## Sovereign states

Main article: List of sovereign states in the 19th century BC

## Decades and years

## References

- ↑ "The Bronze Age on the Greek Mainland: Early Bronze Age — Early Helladic III". Athens: Foundation of the Hellenic World. 1999–2000.
- ↑ "The Bronze Age on the Greek Mainland: Middle Bronze Age — Introduction". Athens: Foundation of the Hellenic World. 1999–2000.
- ↑ Terry G. Powis; W. Jeffrey Hurst; María del Carmen Rodríguez; Ponciano Ortíz C.; Michael Blake; David Cheetham; Michael D. Coe & John G. Hodgson (December 2007). "Oldest Chocolate in the New World".
*Antiquity*.**81**(314). ISSN 0003-598X.

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