1991 Census of India

The 1991 Census of India was the 13th in a series of censuses held in India every decade since 1871.[1]

The population of India was counted as 838,583,988.[2] The number of enumerators was 1.6 million.[1]

Religious demographics

Hindus comprises 69.01 crore(81.53%) and Muslims were 10.67 crore(12.61%) in 1991 census.[3]

Population trends for major religious groups in India (1991)
Religious group Population % 1991
Hindu 81.53%
Muslim 12.61%
Christian 2.32%
Sikh 1.94%
Buddhist 0.77%
Jain 0.40%
Parsi 0.08%
Animist, others 0.44%

Language data

The 1991 census recognizes 1,576 classified "mother tongues". According to the 1991 census, 22 'languages' had more than a million native speakers, 50 had more than 100,000 and 114 had more than 10,000 native speakers. The remaining accounted for a total of 566,000 native speakers (out of a total of 838 million Indians in 1991).[4] The number of Sanskrit speakers in India in 1991 census was 49,736.[5]

Other statistics

See also


  1. 1 2 Vijayanunni, M. (26–29 August 1998). "Planning for the 2001 Census of India based on the 1991 Census" (PDF). 18th Population Census Conference. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: Association of National Census and Statistics Directors of America, Asia, and the Pacific. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 November 2008. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  2. Dev, Amiya (2010). "Literary Multilingualism II : Multilingualism in India". In Lisa Block de Behar, Paola Mildonian, Jean-Michel Djian, Djlel Kadir, Alfons Knauth, Dolores Romero Lopez & Marcio Orlando Seligmann-Silva. Comparative Literature : Sharing Knowledges for Preserving Cultural Diversity (PDF). Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS). 2. pp. 172–183. Developed under the Auspices of the UNESCO, EOLSS Publishers, Paris, France, . Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  3. "With current trends, it will take 220 years for India's Muslim population to equal Hindu numbers".
  4. Mallikarjun, B. (7 November 2001). "Languages of India according to 2001 Census". Languages in India. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  5. "Where are the Sanskrit speakers?".
  6. "Census findings point to decade of rural distress".
  7. "Where Are India's 2011 Census Figures on Religion?".
  8. "Religion Census: A faithful count".
  9. "Muslims' growth rate much lower".

External links

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