1981 Hama massacre
|1981 Hama massacre|
|Part of Islamist uprising in Syria|
|Deaths||350 - 400|
|Perpetrators||Hafez al-Assad, Rifaat al-Assad|
The 1981 Hama massacre occurred, according to one report, after a failed attack by armed Islamist guerillas on a security checkpoint near an Alawite village near Hama. As a revenge action, units of the Syrian Special Forces and the 47th Brigade deployed into Hama and launched house-to-house searches, sealing off neighborhoods as street fighting erupted. A curfew was imposed and Syrian Army troops entered the city. Between Thursday, April 23, 1981, and Sunday, April 26 1981, security forces executed at least 350 residents of the city and injured 600 more, chosen randomly among the male population over the age of 14.
Middle East Watch (est. 1989, a part of Human Rights Watch) called the period between 1976 and 1982 "The Great Repression." According to Middle East Watch,
Opposition exploded in the late 1970s, touched off by Assad's military intervention in Lebanon in 1976. Public discontent fed on many grievances, rampant inflation, a housing crisis deepened by refugees from Lebanon, official corruption, security forces from which no one felt safe, and the domination of the 'Alawis. Over four years unrest spread to every sector of Syrian society, and by the beginning of 1980 it seemed possible the regime would be overthrown. The most powerful opposition came from the Islamists, a cluster of groups usually known as the Muslim Brotherhood.
- 2004 al-Qamishli riots
- Black September in Jordan
- List of massacres in Syria
- List of modern conflicts in the Middle East
- Middle East Watch. Syria Unmasked: The Suppression of Human Rights by the Assad Regime. New Haven: Yale UP, 1991, pp. 17-18.
- Carré, Olivier and Gérard Michaud. Les Frères musulmans : Egypte et Syrie (1928–1982). Paris: Gallimard, 1983: p. 148-151.
- Middle East Watch. Syria Unmasked: The Suppression of Human Rights by the Assad Regime. New Haven: Yale UP, 1991, p.8.
- Middle East Watch. Syria Unmasked: The Suppression of Human Rights by the Assad Regime. New Haven: Yale UP, 1991, p. 8.