1968 movement in Italy

1968 events in Italy
Part of Protests of 1968
Date 1968
Location Italy
Result Hot Autumn

The '68 movement in Italy was inspired by distaste for traditional Italian society and international protests. In May 1968 all universities, except Bocconi, were occupied. In the same month a hundred artists, including Gio Pomodoro, Arnaldo Pomodoro, Ernesto Treccani and Gianni Dova occupied for 15 days the Palazzo della Triennale.[1]

Movement '68

The background of the movement came from the newly transformed economy of Italy. The country had recently increased industrialization and a new modern culture began to develop. The movement has its roots in the strikes and university occupations of the 1960s, along with international headlines about socialist political triumphs in the Cold War.[2]

Students of working or peasant backgrounds mainly drove the movement in an effort to change traditional capitalist and patriarchal society. The new education system allowed for a large populous to be educated and with such an education, question societal functions.[3] The unrest began with student protests which were initially underestimated by politicians and the press, this soon turned to "the struggle of workers".[4]

In the first moments of the student protest, the right-wing in the universities were among the movement's leaders. The Battle of Valle Giulia at Rome University on 1 March 1968 was the last action in which students left and right-wing were together, because on 16 March following the assault on the University La Sapienza, there was a gap between "movementists" and reactionaries.[5] The left came to dominate the movement and the right-wing debates on what actions should be used to further the movement.[6]


The counter-cultural attitudes of the movement end up creating conflicts within the Italian Left.[7] The movement did bring a form of solidarity among the youth and a new politicized generation was created.[8] There is debate about when and how a new political generation formed. Was there even a non-political previous generation at all?.[9]

See also


  1. cfr. pag. 67 di Almanacco di Storia illustrata, 1968
  2. von Kempis, Stefan. "'The Long '68'. Italy's View of the Protest Movement of 40 Years ago" (PDF). www.kas.de. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
  3. Marino, Giuseppe. "ITALY: "WE DEMAND THE IMPOSSIBLE"" (PDF). www.ghi-dc.org. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  4. Nicola Rao, La fiamma e la celtica, Sperling & Kupfer Editori, 2006
  5. Nicola Rao, La fiamma e la celtica, Sperling & Kupfer Editori, 2006
  6. annipiombo07
  7. Vi è poi chi ha ritenuto di leggervi anche una valenza contestatrice nei gruppi di destra verso il MSI-DN: Giorgia Meloni, Il Sessantotto visto da destra (L’Occidentale, 25 November 2007).
  8. Giampiero Mughini, Il grande disordine, 1998, Mondadori.
  9. Luca Codignola, Il Sessantotto fu una rivolta generazionale ma fino ad un certo punto (L'Occidentale, 9 December 2007).
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