|Champions||SC Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt|
|Goals scored||323 (3.55 per match)|
|Top goalscorer||Klaus Selignow (12)|
The 1955 DDR-Oberliga was the seventh season of the DDR-Oberliga, the first tier of league football in East Germany. After the 1954–55 season the league played a transition round in autumn 1955, followed by five seasons, until 1960, where it played in the calendar year format. From 1961–62 onwards the league returned to its traditional format.
The league was contested by fourteen teams. SC Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt won in the unofficial championship.
Klaus Selignow of Rotation Babelsberg was the league's top scorer with 12 goals.
After the conclusion of the 1954–55 season, the Oberliga was supposed to be played exclusively in the summer months, as was the standard in the Soviet Union. As it was deemed impractical to not hold a competition for almost a year (the 1954-55 season had ended in April, the 1956 season was planned to begin in March) a transition championship was played. 14 clubs competed, but neither a champion was determined, nor was any club relegated.
|1||SC Wismut Karl-Marx-Stadt||13||8||4||1||30||13||+17||20|
|2||SC Empor Rostock||13||8||3||2||25||13||+12||19|
|3||SC Dynamo Berlin||13||8||2||3||35||12||+23||18|
|4||BSG Motor Zwickau||13||7||3||3||36||21||+15||17|
|5||BSG Rotation Babelsberg||13||6||3||4||29||24||+5||15|
|6||SC Lokomotive Leipzig||13||6||2||5||21||17||+4||14|
|8||SC Turbine Erfurt||13||5||3||5||16||18||-2||13|
|9||BSG Lokomotive Stendal||13||5||1||7||16||31||-15||11|
|10||ASK Vorwärts Berlin||13||4||2||7||26||28||-2||10|
|11||SC Rotation Leipzig||13||4||2||7||16||27||-11||10|
|12||SC Einheit Dresden||13||3||2||8||21||24||-3||8|
|13||SC Aktivist Brieske-Senftenberg||13||4||0||9||17||33||-16||8|
|14||BSG Chemie Karl-Marx-Stadt||13||2||2||9||16||42||-26||6|
- fuwo, page: 93
- fuwo, page: 23
- "East Germany - List of Champions". rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "DDR-Meister" [East German champions]. dfb.de (in German). German Football Association. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "DDDR » Oberliga » Torschützenkönige" [DDR-Oberliga top scorers]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "East Germany 1946-1990". rsssf.com. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "DDR » Oberliga 1955" [DDR-Oberliga 1955]. Weltfussball.de (in German). Retrieved 19 January 2016.
- "Das war unser Fußball im Osten" [This was our football in the East]. Fußball-Woche (fuwo) (in German). Berlin: Axel-Springer-Verlag. 1991.
- Das Deutsche Fussball Archiv (German) Historic German league tables