1885 in the United States
|1885 in the United States|
|Years:||1882 1883 1884 – 1885 – 1886 1887 1888|
38 stars (1877–90)
Events from the year 1885 in the United States.
- President: Chester A. Arthur (R-New York) (until March 4), Grover Cleveland (D-New York) (starting March 4)
- Vice President:
- Chief Justice: Morrison Waite (Ohio)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: John G. Carlisle (D-Kentucky)
- Congress: 48th (until March 4), 49th (starting March 4)
- February 9 – The first Japanese arrive in Hawaii.
- February 16 – Charles Dow publishes the first edition of the Dow Jones Industrial Average. The index stood at a level of 62.76, and represented the dollar average of 14 stocks: 12 railroads and two leading American industries.
- February 21 – United States President Chester A. Arthur dedicates the Washington Monument.
- March 3 – A subsidiary of the American Bell Telephone Company, American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T), is incorporated in New York.
- March 4 – Grover Cleveland is inaugurated as President of the United States.
- April 30 – A bill is signed in the New York State legislature forming the Niagara Falls State Park.
- May – The Depression of 1882–85 ends.
- June 17 – The Statue of Liberty arrives in New York Harbor.
- July 14 – Sarah E. Goode is the first female African-American to apply for and receive a patent, for the invention of the hideaway bed.
- August 25 – Laura Ingalls Wilder married Almanzo Wilder.
- September 2 – The Rock Springs massacre occurs in Rock Springs, Wyoming; 150 white miners attack their Chinese coworkers, killing 28, wounding 15, and forcing several hundred more out of town.
- September 8 – Saint Thomas Academy is founded in Minnesota.
- October 13 – The Georgia Institute of Technology is established in Atlanta, Georgia as the Georgia School of Technology.
- November 25 – Vice President Thomas A. Hendricks dies in office.
- December 1 – The U.S. Patent Office acknowledges this date as the day Dr Pepper is served for the very first time; the exact date of Dr Pepper's invention is unknown.
- The first skyscraper (the Home Insurance Building) is built in Chicago, Illinois, USA (10 floors).
- Michigan Technological University (originally Michigan Mining School) opens its doors for the first time in what is now the Houghton County Fire Hall.
- Camp Dudley, the oldest continually running boys' camp in America, is founded.
- February 13 – Bess Truman, wife of Harry S. Truman, First Lady of the United States, Second Lady of the United States (died 1982)
- February 17 – Steve Evans, baseball player (d. 1943)
- April 1 – Wallace Beery, actor (d. 1949)
- May 14 – Ben J. Tarbutton, businessman and politician (d. 1962)
- May 30 – Arthur E. Andersen, accountant (d. 1947)
- January 13 – Schuyler Colfax, 17th Vice President of the United States from 1869 till 1873. (born 1823)
- January 24 – Martin Delany, African-American abolitionist, journalist, and physician (born 1812)
- February 12 – Alexandre Mouton, United States Senator from Louisiana from 1843 till 1846. (born 1804)
- May 4 – Irvin McDowell, Union Army officer known for their defeat in the First Battle of Bull Run (born 1818)
- July 23 – Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President of the United States from 1869 till 1877. (born 1822)
- September 3 – William M. Gwin, United States Senator from California from 1850 till 1855 and from 1857 till 1861. (born 1805)
- October 29 – George B. McClellan, soldier, civil engineer, railroad executive, and politician (born 1826)
- November 25 – Thomas A. Hendricks, 21st Vice President of the United States from March to November 1885. (born 1819)
- December 15 – Robert Toombs, United States Senator from Georgia from 1853 till 1861. (born 1810)
- December 29 – James E. Bailey, United States Senator from Tennessee from 1877 till 1881. (born 1821)
- Dow Record Book Adds Another First. Philly.com. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
- Media related to 1885 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons