1885 in archaeology
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The year 1885 in archaeology involved some significant events.
- At Ostia Antica (near Rome), the Quattro Tempietti (Four Small Temples) are excavated in 1885-1886 by R. Lanciani (The square in front was later excavated in the years 1911-1915 by D. Vaglieri and R. Paribeni).
- On the outskirts of Rome, Italy, the ruins of the Temple of Diana at Nemi are excavated by British Ambassador Lord John Savile of Rufford Abbey.
- In Wales, at Ffynnon Beuno Cave, Tremeirchion, Denbighshire, the cave complex is excavated: occupational evidence includes Aurignacian and proto-Solutrean flint work plus Pleistocene fauna (Palaeolithic, Old Stone Age).
- In Japan, the Katsutachi Pit is excavated in 1885 (Meiji 18) under the leadership of Takuma Dan, an American-trained engineer.
- At Susa, Marcel-Auguste Dieulafoy and Jane Dieulafoy began French excavations.
- Désiré Charnay's account of his explorations in Mesoamerica, Les Anciennes Villes du Nouveau Monde, published in Paris.
- William Collings Lukis -
- Prehistoric Stone Monuments of the British Isles: Cornwall with 40 tinted litho plates, accurately drawn to scale by W.C. Lukis and W.C. Borlase, published by the Society of Antiquaries.
- "Report of survey of certain megalithic monuments in Scotland, Cumberland and Westmoreland, executed in summer 1884". Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries pp. 302–11.
- American Journal of Archaeology first published.
- October 29: Alfred V. Kidder