Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 18th century19th century20th century
Decades: 1840s 1850s 1860s1870s1880s 1890s 1900s
Years: 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879
Births – Deaths – By country
Establishments – Disestablishments

The 1870s continued the trends of the previous decade, as new empires, imperialism and militarism rose in Europe and Asia. The United States was recovering from the American Civil War. Germany unified in 1871 and began its Second Reich. Labor unions and strikes occurred worldwide in the later part of the decade, and continued until World War I. The Reconstruction era of the United States brought a legacy of bitterness and segregation that lasted until the 1960s.

Politics and wars


Colonization, decolonization and independence

Prominent political events

Science and Technology

Photograph of Edison with his phonograph, taken by Mathew Brady in 1877


Popular culture

Literature and arts


Main article: 1870s in fashion


World Leaders


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1870s.


  1. Denvir (1990), p.32.
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