16th-century philosophy is generally regarded as the later part of Renaissance philosophy.
Early 16th-century philosophy is often called the High Renaissance and is considered to succeed the Renaissance philosophy era and precede the Age of Rationalism. Notable philosophers from the time period include, Bartolomé de las Casas, Desiderius Erasmus, Niccolò Machiavelli, Martin Luther, John Calvin, Nicolaus Copernicus, Michel de Montaigne, and Francis Bacon.
- "Selected Philosophers from the 16th Through the 18th Century" by Bill Uzgalis (Philosophy Department Oregon State University).
- Early Modern Philosophy: Essential Readings with Commentary by A. P. Martinich, Fritz Allhoff, Anand Jayprakash Vaidya Wiley, 2007