n-Propyl chloride

n-Propyl chloride
IUPAC name
Other names
chloromethylethane, propyl chloride, 1-propyl chloride
540-54-5 YesY
3D model (Jmol) Interactive image
ChemSpider 10437 YesY
ECHA InfoCard 100.007.955
PubChem 10899
Molar mass 78.54
Appearance Colorless liquid
Density 0.890
Melting point −122.8 °C (−189.0 °F; 150.3 K)
Boiling point 46.7 °C (116.1 °F; 319.8 K)
0.27 g/100 ml at 20 °C
Solubility in ethanol fully miscible
Solubility in diethyl ether fully miscible
Viscosity 4.416 cP at 0 °C
3.589 cP at 20 °C
Main hazards Extremely flammable liquid and vapor. Vapor may cause flash fire. Harmful if swallowed or inhaled. May be harmful if absorbed through skin. Affects central nervous system. Causes irritation to skin, eyes and respiratory tract.
Safety data sheet External MSDS
R-phrases R11 R20 R21 R22
S-phrases S9 S16 S26 S29 S36
NFPA 704
Flammability code 3: Liquids and solids that can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions. Flash point between 23 and 38 °C (73 and 100 °F). E.g., gasoline) Health code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point −18 °C (0 °F; 255 K)
Related compounds
Ethyl chloride
isopropyl chloride
Tert-Butyl chloride
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

n-Propyl chloride (also 1-propyl chloride or 1-chloropropane) is a colorless, flammable chemical compound. It has the chemical formula C3H7Cl and is prepared by reacting n-propyl alcohol with phosphorus trichloride in the presence of a zinc chloride catalyst.[1]


  1. Merck Index of Chemicals and Drugs, 9th ed., monograph 7635
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