Êzîdxan Women's Units
|Êzidxan Women's Units|
Yekinêyen Jinên Êzidxan (YJÊ) |
Participant in Iraqi Civil War (2014–present)
Flag of Sinjar Women's Units
Berivan Aslan (chief commander)
|Headquarters||Sinjar, Nineveh Governorate, Iraq|
|Part of||Sinjar Alliance|
|Originated as||Sinjar Women’s Defense Units (YPJ-Sinjar)|
|Allies||Women's Protection Units (YPJ)|
|Opponents||Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant|
|Battles and wars|
The Êzidxan Women's Units (Kurdish: Yekinêyen Jinên Êzidxan or YJÊ) is a Yazidi all-women militia formed in Iraq in 2015 to protect the Yazidi community in the wake of attacks by the Islamic State and other groups that see all Yazidis as pagan infidels.
An offshoot of the mixed-gender Yazidi militia Sinjar Resistance Units (YBŞ), the YJÊ was founded on 5 January 2015 under the original name of Yekîneyên Parastina Jin ê Şengalê (Kurdish: Sinjar Women’s Protection Units), or YPJ-Sinjar. The militia adopted its current name on 26 October 2015.
The organization aligns with imprisoned PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan's feminist concept of Jineology, and with the broader concept of Democratic Confederalism as advocated by the Group of Communities in Kurdistan (KCK).
In October 2015, the YJÊ participated in the foundation of the Sinjar Alliance as an all-Yezidi joint commando umbrella structure. Besides their mixed-gender pendant, the Sinjar Resistance Units (YBŞ), the formerly Peshmerga-aligned Protection Force of Sinjar (HPŞ) and other, independent Yezidi units committed to the united Yezidi front.
Under the joint command of the newly founded Sinjar Alliance, the Êzidxan Women's Units took part in the November 2015 Sinjar offensive.
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